Mental health information – Before we know the 6 Facts About Antidepressants in America, it would be nice for us to know first an explanation of antidepressants first. So that we know more about these antidepressants.
Antidepressants are drugs used to treat depression. This drug works by balancing the content of natural chemicals in the brain called neurotransmitters, so they can relieve complaints and help improve mood and emotions.
Apart from treating depression, antidepressants can also be used to treat other conditions, such as obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), generalized anxiety disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), phobias, and bulimia and pain complaints. This medicine should only be used with a doctor’s prescription.
It should be understood, antidepressants cannot cure depression. These drugs only help control or reduce depressive symptoms or reduce their severity.
What Are the Types of Antidepressants?
There are several types of antidepressant drugs that are divided based on how they work and the side effects they cause, including:
A. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)
These types of antidepressants are generally the top choice for treating depression because of their low risk of side effects. SSRIs work by suppressing serotonin re-absorption in the brain. Examples of SSRI class drugs are:
B. Tricyclic antidepressants (TCAsh)
This class is a type of antidepressant that was first developed. Although it has been used for a long time, these drugs often cause side effects when compared to other antidepressants. TCAs work by influencing the messenger compounds in the brain so that mood is controlled and will relieve depression. Examples of drugs for the TCAs class are:
C. Serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs)
This type of antidepressant works by inhibiting serotonin and norepinephrine from being reabsorbed by nerve cells. SNRIs work more specifically than TCAs, so they are less likely to have side effects. Examples of SNRI class drugs are:
D. Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs)
This type of antidepressant is given if other antidepressant drugs are unable to resolve the complaint. Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) work to inhibit the performance of noradrenaline and serotonin compounds to prevent depressive symptoms.
Although they are safe to use, MAOIs can cause various side effects, especially if they are taken with certain foods. Examples of MAOIs are:
E. Atypical antidepressants
This type of antidepressant is different from other antidepressants. These drugs work by affecting the messaging compounds in the brain (neurotransmitters) that are used to communicate between brain cells so they can change moods and relieve depression. Examples of atypical antidepressant drugs are:
Precautions Before Using Antidepressants
Antidepressants should only be used as prescribed by a doctor. There are several things that you should pay attention to before using antidepressants, including:
- Do not use antidepressant medicines if you are allergic to them.
- Tell your doctor if you are pregnant, breastfeeding, or planning a pregnancy.
- Tell your doctor if you have a history of heart disease, liver problems, kidney problems, or other conditions.
- Tell your doctor if you are taking any other medications, including herbal products or supplements.
- Do not drink alcoholic beverages while on antidepressant treatment.
- Do not use antidepressants in children younger than 18 years.
- Before using antidepressant drugs, consult your doctor first regarding food, drinks, drugs or supplements that can affect the performance of antidepressants.
- Certain types of antidepressants can cause drowsiness, dizziness, or blurred vision. Therefore, do not drive a vehicle or operate heavy equipment while undergoing treatment.
- Do not stop medication suddenly without consulting your doctor first.
- If there is an allergic drug reaction or an overdose after taking an antidepressant, see a doctor immediately.
Side Effects and Dangers of Antidepressants
Antidepressants can cause different side effects, depending on the characteristics of each drug and the user’s condition. The following are some of the side effects that may arise from using antidepressant drugs:
- Weight gain
- Loss of sexual desire
- Erectile dysfunction
- Decreased orgasm
- Urine retention
- Difficulty sleeping or insomnia
- Dry mouth
- Blurred vision
- Heart rhythm disturbances or arrhythmias
Certain antidepressant drugs can also increase the risk of developing diabetes. Although rare, antidepressant drugs can also cause some of the more serious and fatal side effects, including:
- Serotonin syndrome, which is characterized by sweating, diarrhea, seizures, irregular heartbeats, and fainting.
- Hyponatremia, which is characterized by headaches, muscle pain, decreased appetite, weakness and lethargy, disorientation, psychosis, seizures, and even coma.
Here are 6 facts about antidepressants in America
Here are six real facts about antidepressants in America:
- About one in ten Americans over the age of 12 take antidepressants
- From 2005 to 2008 antidepressants ranked in the top three prescription drugs taken by Americans so far
- The use of antidepressants among all ages increased by almost 400%
- More than 60% of Americans use antidepressants
- Have taken it for two or more antidepressants in years often combined with alcohol which increases the risk of poisoning and overdose.
- More than 2.1 million people in the United States were abused by antidepressants in 2011 alone.