Health and information – There is a list of mental disorders that we need to know, one of which is anxiety, depression, bipolar, eating disorders, etc. However, before we know further, we must first know what a mental disorder is. Here is a little explanation for you.
Mental disorders are health problems that significantly affect how a person thinks, behaves and interacts with other people. If left untreated, people with mental disorders will find it difficult to move, work, and even interact with other people.
According to data from the World Health Organization (WHO) in 2016, there were about 35 million people affected by depression, 60 million people with bipolar disorder, 21 million affected by schizophrenia, and 47.5 million affected by dementia.
Mental health disorders are defined as illnesses or conditions that affect how you think, feel, act, or relate to other people and the environment.
The cause of mental disorders is not certain. However, there are several factors that are known to increase a person’s risk of experiencing mental disorders, including:
- Genetic or inherited factors
- Family history of mental disorders
- Severe stress
- Have experienced a traumatic event, such as being a victim of harassment or violence
- Use of illegal drugs and excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages
- Certain medical conditions, such as serious brain injury, stroke, and thyroid disorders
A list of mental disorders must you know
There are several types of mental disorders that can happen to anyone. Here are some of them:
1. Anxiety Disorders
Anxiety disorders relate to fear of objects or situations. They also generally have an increased heart rate and sweat a lot.
This mental illness is detected when a person’s response does not match the circumstances or cannot control the response issued.
2. Mood Disorders
This type of mental disorder is associated with frequent feelings of sadness, too much happiness, or confusion from happiness to excessive sadness.
Examples of mood disorders (mood) are depression and bipolar disorder.
Depression is generally characterized by sadness, loss of interest or pleasure, feelings of guilt or low self-esteem, disturbed sleep or appetite, fatigue, and poor concentration.
While bipolar usually consists of episodes of mania and depression, separated by periods of normal mood. Manic episodes involve increased mood or irritability, excessive activity, fast talking, increased self-esteem, and poor sleep needs.
People who experience bouts of mania but do not experience depressive episodes are also classified as bipolar disorder.
3. Psychotic Disorders
Psychotic psychiatry involves distorted awareness or thought patterns. The two most common symptoms are hallucinations and delusions.
Schizophrenia is an example of a psychotic disorder, which is characterized by distortions in thinking, perception, emotions, language and behavior.
4. Eating Disorders
Eating disorders involve extreme emotions, attitudes and behaviors that involve body weight and diet.
Eating disorders can take the form of insufficient or excessive food intake, which in turn can be detrimental to the well-being of the individual.
The most common forms of eating disorders are Binge Eating Disorder, Anorexia Nervosa, and Bulimia Nervosa.
5. Impulse Control
Impulse control disorders make sufferers unable to resist the urge or urge to take action that harms themselves or others.
Often times, people with this disorder become so involved with the object of the addiction that they tend to ignore responsibility.
Pyromania (lighting a fire) and kleptomania (stealing) are examples of impulse control disorders.
6. Personality Disorders
This is one type of mental disorder that causes sufferers to have a mindset or behavior that tends to be rigid and unhealthy.
A person with a personality disorder has difficulty understanding and relating to situations with other individuals. This causes significant problems and boundaries in relationships, social activities, work and school.
7. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
A person with OCD is filled with constant thoughts or fears, which lead them to take certain actions.
An example of OCD is someone with an excessive fear of germs that he or she is constantly washing their hands.
8. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
Post-traumatic stress disorder, aka Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), is a type of mental disorder that follows traumatic or scary events in the past. For example sexual or physical violence.
A person with PTSD generally has long-lasting thoughts and memories and tends to be emotionally “numb.”
This situation occurs when a person develops emotional or behavioral symptoms in response to a stressful event or situation.
Stress response syndrome usually starts within three months of the event, and ends within six months after the stressors have stopped or gone away.
9. Dissociative Disorders
People with dissociative disorders tend to experience changes in memory, awareness, identity, and general awareness of themselves and their environment.
This type of mental disorder is often associated with extreme stress, which may be caused by traumatic events or accidents, including disasters that may be experienced or witnessed.
10. Factitious Disorders
This deceptive mental illness is a condition in which a person consciously and deliberately makes or complains about physical or emotional symptoms so as to act as a patient.
11. Sexual and Gender Disorders
The conceptualization of sex and gender disorders continues to evolve in response to diverse cultural, scientific, political and commercial influences.
Sexual and gender disorders are classified into three main categories, namely:
- Sexual dysfunction, which is a problem that hinders a person’s motivation or ability to perform sexual activity
- Paraphilias, which are repetitive patterns of sexual arousal and / or behavior involving the target for inappropriate sexual expression.
- Gender identity disorder, which is an experience of intense discomfort with a given gender role, is accompanied by a desire to live as the opposite sex.
12. Somatic Symptom Disorders
Somatic symptom disorders were previously known as psychosomatic disorders. This type of mental disorder involves a person who has an excessive focus on physical symptoms, such as pain, weakness, or shortness of breath.
The individual will have excessive thoughts, feelings, and behaviors related to certain physical symptoms.
13. Tic distraction
People with this disorder make irregular and repetitive, fast, sudden, and uncontrollable sounds or body movements. This occurs as a result of changes in the part of the brain that controls movement.
This disorder can run in families and there may be genetic causes. This condition also often coexists with other conditions, such as Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD).
That’s a list of mental disorders that you should know and be aware of. In many cases, the activities of the person experiencing the condition can be disturbed. It is not impossible, they will also experience a decrease in quality of life.
If you experience some symptoms regarding mental disorder, immediately contact your doctor for more effective treatment. Hopefully the information we can convey about a list of mental disorders can be of use to all of us.