Health and information – Before we discuss activities for dementia patients, it would be better if we first know what dementia is. After knowing what dementia is, it is hoped that we can take various preventive measures for the disease. Here’s the information for you.
Dementia is a disease that causes memory and thinking power to decline. This condition has an impact on the lifestyle, social skills and daily activities of the sufferer.
The most common types of dementia are Alzheimer’s disease and vascular dementia. Alzheimer’s is dementia that is associated with genetic changes and changes in proteins in the brain. Meanwhile, vascular dementia is a type of dementia caused by disorders of the blood vessels of the brain.
Keep in mind, dementia is different from dementia. Dementia is a change in the ability to think and remember that generally occurs with age. These changes can affect memory, but are insignificant and do not cause a person to depend on others.
What are the causes of dementia?
Dementia is caused by damage to nerve cells and the connections between nerves in the brain. Based on the changes that have occurred, there are several types of dementia, namely:
A. Alzheimer’s disease
Alzheimer’s disease is the most common type of dementia. The cause of Alzheimer’s is still unknown, but genetic changes passed down from parents are thought to increase the risk of developing the disease.
Apart from genetic factors, protein disorders in the brain are also thought to damage healthy nerve cells in the brain.
B. Vascular dementia
Vascular dementia is caused by disruption of blood vessels in the brain. Recurrent strokes are the most common cause of this type of dementia.
C. Other conditions that cause dementia symptoms
Apart from Alzheimer’s disease and vascular dementia, there are other conditions that can cause dementia symptoms but are temporary. These conditions include:
- Metabolic or endocrine disorders.
- Multiple sclerosis.
- Subdural hematoma.
- Brain tumor.
- Drug side effects, such as sedatives and pain relievers.
- Deficiency of certain vitamins and minerals, such as deficiency of vitamin B1, vitamin B6, vitamin B12, vitamin E, and iron in the body.
- Poisoning due to exposure to heavy metals, pesticides and consumption of alcohol.
What are the risk factors for dementia?
There are factors that can increase the risk of dementia, namely increasing age, family history of dementia, and an unhealthy lifestyle, such as unhealthy eating habits, irregular exercise, smoking, and alcoholism.
In addition, there are several diseases that are also at risk of causing dementia, including:
- Down Syndrome
- Sleep apnea
- High cholesterol
What are the symptoms of dementia?
The main symptoms of dementia are reduced memory and changes in thinking, which can lead to changes in behavior and speech. These symptoms may worsen over time. For more details, here are the stages of symptoms that appear in people with dementia:
At this stage, the patient’s brain function is still at normal levels so that there are no visible symptoms.
The disturbances that occur at this stage have not affected the patient’s daily activities. For example, sufferers find it difficult to do various activities at once, find it difficult to make decisions or solve problems, easily forget activities that have not been carried out for a long time, and have difficulty choosing the right words.
At this stage, organic mental disorders begin. Sufferers may get lost while traveling on a regular road, have difficulty learning new things, may appear flat and sluggish in the mood, and there may be personality changes and decreased social skills.
When entering this stage, sufferers begin to need help from other people in carrying out daily activities, such as dressing and bathing. Sufferers also experience changes in sleep patterns, difficulty reading and writing, becoming apathetic, withdrawing from social situations, hallucinating, irritability, and being rude.
If you have entered this stage, a person can be said to have severe dementia. Dementia at this stage causes the sufferer to be unable to live independently. Sufferers will lose basic skills, such as walking or sitting, not recognizing family members, and not understanding language.
Here are 10 activities for dementia patients
Everyone is different, so maybe need some experiments or creative thinking to find interesting activities for them.
Security record: Avoid sharp objects and only provide items that will be safe for your adults. For example, if they tend to put things in their mouths or bind the body parts, avoid strings, small items, or things that will break when bitten.
1. Fold towels
Asking older adults to help you fold laundry is a great way to make them busy, give them activities they can feel successful, and help them feel like contributing to the household.
The aim is only to keep them involved. The best is to use hand towels because it’s small and easy to fold.
No matter how good or badly folded towels, the point is that your older adults feel good about the activity.
2. Create a memory box
Memory boxes or used goods can help older adults feel connected with past career and previous hobbies.
Get any boxes and fill in the things they will use at work, copies of photos and memories are not important, or objects of hobbies.
For example, for former office workers, make a box that reminds them of their careers. Include paper clips, pencils, erasers, paper, mail (junk mail), calculators, file folders, notepad, etc. In the box.
If people are used to do practical work, insert beans, bolts, pvc pipe pieces and equipment, a piece of wood (without flakes), smooth sandpaper, and thread in their box.
Someone who enjoys cooking or grilling may enjoy measuring spoons, shaker, spatula, and other related items.
It can work for all types of work or hobbies, only creative about finding objects that will be safe to deal with.
3. Span knots
Find Buy our medium thickness strap from a local hardware store. Loosely binds a few simple nodes and ask your older adults to help you let go.
4. Pasta thread with thread or rope
Get dry pasta with large holes and thick threads or ordinary strings. Make a “needle” by sticking around the tip of the rope, making it longer than the piece of pasta.
Prepare an older adult string of pasta using “needles” and their utas.
5. Make a fun box of fabrics
It’s fun for everyone, but especially for someone who used to enjoy sewing or craft cloth.
Get the box and enter dozens of various kinds of cloth in it. Try to get different colors and various textures such as lace, feel, silk, velvet, wool, cotton, etc.
Older adults can enjoy touching, folding, and sorting cloth.
6. Create a DIY picture puzzle
Print a copy of a photo or a special favorite family view for your older adults. You can also print photos or images that they like, such as cars, colorful fruit, etc.
Photo lamination and cut into four (or more) pieces of puzzle shaped to make personalized DIY puzzles.
7. Cut images from the old magazine or calendar
Older adults may like to open a magazine or old calendar and cut the image they like. The best is to use a magazine that reflects their hobbies or interests.
For those who will enjoy it, they can also attach photos into the notebook, create a “scrapbook.”
8. Puzzle Cube
This pleasant cube puzzle is brightly colored and can provide a lot of pleasure without pressure for older adults who like to be anxious about things. It’s like a simple version of the Rubik cube.
The object of this game is to just enjoy turning pieces of cubes and creating different color combinations on each face.
Those who can enjoy mixing colors and restoring the face to one color.
9. Large print card playing cards
Playing cards make great activities for older adults, especially when letters and numbers are large and easy to read.
Someone in early dementia may enjoy a simple card game like Solitaire, go fish, blackjack, or war. An older adult in the next stage may enjoy just driving off the card or separating it with color or settings
Pay attention to your level of enjoyment. If they seem overwhelmed or frustrated, you may want to delete some of the cards so that you do not have to administer so many.
10. Blocks and pattern boards.
These fun forms can be used in several ways. Older people can use the tables included to create colorful images, make forms for free, or trace paper shapes.
That is what we can convey about activities for dementia patients. Hopefully this article is useful for all of us. Don’t forget to keep contacting your doctor so you can get even more intensive care.