Health and Information – Acute Stress Disorder (ASD) or acute stress disorder is a mental disorder that is triggered by traumatic events that have been confronted, experienced or witnessed by someone.
An acute stress reaction (also called acute stress disease, psychological shock, mental shock, or in short shock) is a psychological condition that occurs when responding to a traumatic or frightening event.
This condition is not related to unrelated circualtori shock condition, or the concept of shock value.
Post-traumatic stress disorder or PTSD is a mental disorder that is triggered by flashback memories after experiencing or witnessing a horrible or traumatic event.
Symptoms of acute stress and PTSD both cause negative emotional reactions. However, PTSD can cause a person to experience panic attacks and anxiety attacks so as to remember traumatic events.
The point is the condition where someone who has experienced things that are not desired by him and the incident happened to him, so that someone becomes more depressed his soul, causing stress on him.
Symptoms of acute stress and PTSD are basically the same, which are grouped into 3 groups of symptoms, namely :
- Re-experience: flashback memories, nightmares, frightening imaginations, remembering events, strong emotional responses to reminders of traumatic events.
- Avoidance: avoiding thoughts, conversations, feelings, places, and people that remind us of the event; loss of interest; dissociation; emotional numbness.
- Hyperarousal: sleep problems, irritability, angry outbursts, difficulty concentrating, panic attacks, anxiety attacks, easily shocked, restless.
The difference is that PTSD symptoms generally include violent / risky / destructive behavior.
PTSD also causes thoughts and assumptions that are too negative about oneself or the world around them, are pessimistic about the future, blame themselves or others for causing trauma, decreasing interest in activities, and feeling isolated.
Symptoms of acute stress do not cover these things.
However, acute stress causes a stronger dissociation effect than PTSD. Dissociation is defined as the “escape” of self-awareness of thoughts, memories, feelings, to actions that can be partial or full.
Dissociative symptoms are characterized by transient amnesia (difficult to remember certain parts of the traumatic event) and rejection (feeling unrelated / feeling not experiencing the event, or seeing the event from the view of a third person).
That is the definition of acute stress disorder. This article is taken from various sources which I summarize into an article that is easy to understand and easy to read for anyone.