Health and information – Adhd and social anxiety in children are indeed very annoying, but as parents we are obliged to accompany children with adhd and social anxiety. Then what should parents do if children experience this? Here is the information for you.
Attention inattentive hyperactivity disorder or ADHD is the most common childhood neurodevelopmental disorder. This condition is usually first diagnosed in childhood and can last into adulthood.
Children with this condition usually have problems seeking attention, controlling impulsive behavior (being able to act without thinking about the consequences), and being overly active.
The three subtypes of ADHD are:
1. Dominant hyperactivity-impulsivity.
People with ADHD who are predominantly hyperactive-impulsive have problems with hyperactivity and impulsive behavior.
2. Dominant incident.
People with ADHD who are more predominantly inattentive usually have symptoms of being unable to pay attention properly.
3. Combination of hyperactivity-impulsivity and inattention.
This group has symptoms of hyperactivity, impulsivity, and lack of attention.
What are the signs and symptoms of ADHD and social anxiety?
The American Psychiatric Association calls the symptoms of this condition:
- Lack of attention (can’t stay focused).
- Hyperactivity (so much movement that you can’t stay still).
- Impulsivity (hasty action that occurs without thinking).
Many of the symptoms of hyperactive children, such as high activity, difficulty staying still for long periods, and limited attention span, often occur in young children.
The difference between hyperactive children and other children is that their levels of hyperactivity and inattention are higher than most children.
It can also cause distress or trouble at home, at school, or in a friendly environment.
Based on the type, the symptoms caused by ADHD sufferers are:
A. Dominant inattention
People with this condition usually experience:
- Not paying attention to details or making careless mistakes at school or work assignments.
- Difficulty focusing on assignments or activities, such as in class, conversations, or long reading.
- Like not listening to other people.
- Not following directions and not completing school or office work.
- Avoiding or disliking tasks that involve ongoing mental effort (preparing reports and filling out forms).
- Often loses items needed to complete tasks or carry out daily life.
- Attention is easily distracted.
- Forgetting everyday tasks.
- Having problems organizing tasks and jobs.
For example experiencing problems in managing tasks and work, namely not being able to manage time properly, messy work, and missed deadlines).
B. Dominant hyperactive / impulsive
People with this condition usually experience:
- Fidget by clapping your hands or feet, or writhing in a chair.
- Can not sit still (in class, or work space).
- Run or climb where it shouldn’t be.
- Cannot play or do leisure activities peacefully.
- Always “on the road”, as if on a motorbike.
- Too much talking.
- Answer before the question is finished (stop conversation).
- Trouble waiting for your turn while waiting in line.
- Disturb other people
Such interruptions, for example in conversation, games or activities, use someone else’s property without their permission.
There may be signs and symptoms not listed above. If you have concerns about certain symptoms, consult your doctor.
Child development and ADHD
The Mayo Clinic says that most healthy children are inattentive, hyperactive, or impulsive at one time or another.
Usually preschoolers have short attention spans and can’t do one activity for a long time.
Even in adolescents, attention span often depends on individual interests.
The same is true for hyperactivity. Young children are usually energetic by nature, they are often at maximum energy for a long time, despite warnings from their parents.
Additionally, some children naturally have higher activity levels than others. Children shouldn’t be called ADHD just because they are different from their friends or siblings.
Children who have problems at school but are okay with their home or friends are more likely to have a disease other than ADHD.
The same is true for hyperactive or inattentive children at home, but not at school and friends.
You should contact your doctor if your child’s behavior changes his life and family. Remember that ADHD can be controlled with medication and support.
What causes adhd and social anxiety?
Not much information has been found on the causes of ADHD. However, scientists are still studying it.
The causes and risk factors for this condition are unknown, but genetics plays an important role.
Apart from genetics, scientists also study other possible causes and risk factors, such as:
- Brain damage
- Environmental exposure in utero or at an early age
- Use of alcohol and tobacco during pregnancy
- Premature birth of a baby
- Low birth weight (LBW)
- Often play video games
This is also confirmed by the results of research in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA).
According to Adam Leventhal, Ph.D., a psychology lecturer at the University of Southern California, children who are big fans of gadgets are twice as likely to develop ADHD later in life.
Especially kids who love to play games – be it console games, games on the computer, or online games on mobile phones.
How to diagnose this condition?
Deciding whether a child has ADHD goes through several stages.
There is no single test that can diagnose ADHD, and many other problems, such as anxiety, depression, sleep problems, and certain types of learning disabilities, can have similar symptoms.
The steps that may be taken to make a diagnosis of ADHD are:
- Health examination (image test and laboratory test).
- Information gathering (medical issues, personal and family medical history, and school records).
- Interviews or questionnaires were conducted with people who knew these children.
- ADHD Criteria from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders.
- ADHD rating scale to collect and evaluate information about children.
The American Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) states that people with ADHD exhibit a pattern of persistent inattention that interferes with function or development.
The following criteria can help doctors diagnose the condition, according to the American Psychiatric Association (APA) publication:
A. Inattention type
Six or more symptoms were found in children up to 16 years of age, and five or more symptoms in adolescents 17 years or older. Symptoms of this condition last for at least six months.
B. Hyperactive or impulsive type
Finds six or more hyperactive / impulsive symptoms for children up to 16 years of age, and five or more symptoms in adolescents 17 years of age or older.
Symptoms of this condition last for at least six months.
In addition, the condition must meet the following criteria:
- Some of the symptoms of inattention or hyperactivity-impulsivity appear before the age of 12.
- There is clear evidence that symptoms interfere with or reduce the quality of functioning in social, school, or work.
- Symptoms don’t just occur during schizophrenia or other psychotic disorders.
Some symptoms appear in two or more environments, for example at home or school, (with friends or relatives) in other activities.
How to treat adhd and social anxiety?
Behavioral therapy and drugs can treat ADHD symptoms. The combination of the two methods works best for most people, especially those with moderate to severe ADHD. Treatment for ADHD is:
Behavioral therapy is used to treat symptoms of the condition. The American Academy of Pediatrics explains that this method is more suitable for children under 6 years of age.
The first type of therapy that is commonly used is psychotherapy. This therapy helps children understand their feelings and thoughts regarding the condition they are experiencing. Children will also learn to make decisions in relationships, school, and activities.
Therapists, parents, children, and teachers will work together to monitor and improve children’s habits. As a result, children are able to face various situations with appropriate responses.
Apart from these two therapies, children can also undergo group therapy, music therapy, and socialization exercises.
Even if it doesn’t make a child with ADHD recover, this method can help him communicate, ask for help, borrow toys, or other things.
Medication can improve the concentration and focus of a child with ADHD. However, of course there are many things you need to consider before giving a lot of medicine to children.
Consult with your doctor to determine the type of medication your child needs.
Although a child with ADHD cannot recover in this way alone, the following medicines can help them learn and be active:
- Nervous system stimulants (stimulants), such as dextromethamphetamine, dextromethylphenidate, and methylphenidate.
- Non-nervous system stimulants such as atomoxetine, antidepressants for children, guanfacine, and clonidine.
Both drugs can cause side effects in the form of:
- Weight loss
- Stomach ache
- Easy to get angry
Make sure you monitor the side effects that appear and consult a doctor.
Hyperactive children tend to benefit from clear structures, routines, and expectations. The following methods may be useful:
- Create a clear schedule.
- Maintain a routine.
- Make sure the directions are easy to understand (use plain language and demonstrate).
- Focus on the child when talking to him, avoiding many things at one time.
- Communicating with teachers.
- Model calm behavior.
- Focus on effort and reward good behavior.
Be supervised, as hyperactive children may need more supervision than other children.
What simple remedies can I take at home to treat a child with ADHD?
Given that ADHD is a complex condition and varies from person to person, it is difficult to recommend what is best for treating it.
However, some of the suggestions below may help create an environment that works well for children.
Child at home
- Show your children affection because they need to be heard, loved, and appreciated.
- Increase self-confidence by pursuing the things he likes (for example drawing, writing, dancing)
- Use simple sentences, make eye contact, and provide examples when giving directions to children
- Apply consequences to practice discipline.
- Do exercises to make children more organized (keep items in clearly marked places)
- Develop social emotional skills by interacting with peers.
- Adopt healthy lifestyle habits
Make sure the child gets enough rest. Try to keep the child away from fatigue as that can make the child’s hyperactive symptoms worse.
It is important for your little one to consume balanced nutrition. In addition to health, regular exercise may have a positive effect on behavior.
Child at school
- Know the school program for children with certain conditions (curriculum, classroom arrangement, teaching methods)
- Communicating with teachers
Keep in touch with the teachers and support their efforts to help your child in class.
Make sure the teacher can monitor the child, provide feedback, be flexible, and be patient. Make sure they show your little one clear directions.
That is what we can inform you about adhd and social anxiety. Hopefully this article can be useful for all of us.
Do not forget to continue to adopt a healthy lifestyle in our family every day, so that we are not susceptible to various diseases, be it physical or mental illness.