Health and information – Not only adults, children and adolescents can experience psychological disorders such as anxiety and depression. Therefore, the use of antidepressant drugs for children requires very strict supervision.
Possible side effects, many medical personnel are counter to the use of antidepressant drugs for children.
Then, should the use of antidepressant drugs for children?
It is better to do the following before giving antidepressant drugs to children
Giving antidepressant drugs to children is not the first treatment for psychological disorders of children. In fact, the initial step that we need to take if a child experiences this condition is to dig deeper into the factors about the cause. If the physical examination shows no problems, then immediately bring our children to a psychologist or psychiatrist to undergo a psychiatric examination. This examination aims to understand the child’s behavior, family history, and future risks.
When the child’s psychological problems are fully understood, the doctor will then take the necessary treatment. Treatment options for children can be in the form of therapy, consumption of antidepressants, or both.
Why do antidepressant drugs for children reap the cons?
Many studies have been conducted to determine the effects of antidepressant drugs for children. One such study shows that certain antidepressant drugs can trigger the emergence of desire and suicidal ideation in some children and adolescents. You see, antidepressant drugs also have the risk of triggering anxiety, emotional overflow, anxiety, hostility, and impulsive behavior in some children. This is what is feared will trigger suicidal ideation in children taking antidepressant drugs.
Nevertheless, the various risks of side effects do not necessarily make antidepressant drugs dangerous for children. Actually, the benefits gained if the child is taking antidepressant drugs is much greater if used properly. Antidepressant medication is an effective way to deal with depression, anxiety disorders, and other psychological problems. Even children can take this drug as long as its use is monitored properly and appropriately.
The National Institute of Mental Health reveals that fluoxetine is a type of antidepressant drug that is absolutely safe to give to children aged 8 years and over. Even so, the drug and food regulatory agency, the FDA, in the United States has approved several other types of antidepressant drugs that are safely given to children and adolescents.
These medicines include:
- Clomipramine, for obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) in children aged 10 years and over
- Fluvozamine, for OCD in children aged 8 years and over
- Escitalopram, for major depressive disorder in children aged 12 years and over
- Duloxetine, for generalized anxiety disorder in children aged 7 years and over
- A combination of olanzapine and fluoxetine, for bipolar disorder in children aged 10 years and over
All types of these drugs should only be consumed according to professional medical advice. The recommended dosage and maximum dose will be adjusted based on the child’s age.
Some types of antidepressant drugs for children are generally safe for children as long as consumed properly. Parents also have to monitor the use of the drug, especially in the first few months when behavior change is at its peak.
Do not forget to check the condition of our children routinely while taking antidepressant drugs. Say everything about the development of the child’s condition to understand whether the treatment can be said to be successful or even vice versa. Ask for the best advice from doctors so that we as parents can help guide children in the use of these drugs.