Health and information – Before we discuss the causes of antisocial personality disorder, it would be better if we first know what antisocial personality disorder is? The following is information about this for you.
Antisocial personality disorder is a personality disorder characterized by indifference to the feelings of others and ignoring correct and incorrect behavior.
People with antisocial disorders lack empathy and tend to manipulate those around them or even break the law. People with antisocial disorders are associated with psychopaths or sociopaths, but medically, there is no difference between psychopaths and sociopaths.
Sociopaths prefer to meet their own needs without considering the consequences for themselves and others.
They actually have some feelings of regret or guilt when they do something bad. Even being aware of it, it would not prevent the action from being taken.
Antisocial personality disorder can cause sufferers to commit acts of violence, deception, or other dishonorable acts for personal gain.
They may take action to defend their attitudes, become manipulative, blame the victim, and ignore the rights or feelings of others.
There is no cure for antisocial personality disorder. However, several treatments have been shown to help control the symptoms.
A person with antisocial personality disorder is generally unaware of their condition and often feels that they do not need medical treatment.
Therefore, the role of close people such as family and friends is usually very much needed in the treatment of antisocial personality disorder for patients.
What are the signs and symptoms of antisocial personality disorder?
There are actually many signs and symptoms of antisocial personality disorder, but what often occurs and is commonly done are the following:
- Lacking empathy, being cynical, and disrespecting others
- Cannot distinguish right from wrong
- Lied often
- Being manipulative for personal gain
- Arrogant, feeling superior, and too confident
- Often involved in criminal acts and caught up in the law
- Often injures others through bullying
- Doing dangerous activities without calculation
- Don’t learn from mistakes
- Don’t understand the consequences of an action.
Antisocial personality disorder is a lifelong condition which, in some cases (particularly criminal and destructive behavior), may diminish with time.
What are the causes of antisocial personality disorder?
In fact, the cause of antisocial personality disorder is not just genetic factors, but there are other factors that influence it, namely:
- Interaction with the surrounding environment
- Changes in the way the brain functions that may occur during development
- Genetic factors.
This disorder turns out to have several risk factors too, here are some of these risk factors:
- Behavioral disorders in childhood
- Have a family with this disorder, other personality disorders, or mental health disorders
- A history of being a victim of abuse or neglect during childhood
- Had a childhood with a turbulent and violent family.
In addition, men are at greater risk of developing this disorders than women.
How to diagnose antisocial personality disorder
A person with regular this disorder doesn’t show any special symptoms. The doctor will make a diagnosis by examining the patient’s relationship with the people around him.
Information from relatives and family is also useful for doctors or other medical personnel in understanding the patient’s condition.
The patient will be referred to a psychiatric specialist for a diagnosis. The doctor will make a diagnosis based on the following:
- Psychological or psychological evaluation of the patient in terms of feelings, relationships, attitudes, behavior patterns, and family medical history
- Patient’s medical history
- Certain symptoms that indicate this disorder.
This personality disorder usually cannot be detected before the patient is 18 years old. Symptoms that arise may start during childhood or early adolescence.
Can antisocial personality disorder be treated?
Although there is no cure for this condition, several treatments can help reduce the symptoms that people with this disorder experience.
Antisocial personality disorder has a different severity for each sufferer.
The treatment given depends on the patient’s condition related to age, medical history and habits of consuming certain alcohol or drugs. The following are the types of treatment:
A. Psychotherapy for people with antisocial personality disorder
Psychotherapy aims to control anger, acts of violence, and other mental disorders. There are several therapies that can be carried out, namely:
- Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT). CBT is a speech therapy that focuses on changing the way a person with antisocial personality disorder thinks, believes, and behaves, which can affect their feelings and actions.
- Mentalization Based Therapy (MBT). MBT is another speech therapy that is quite popular in the treatment of this disorder.
B. Medicines for people with antisocial personality disorder
There is no drug that specifically addresses of this disorder. However, the doctor may prescribe several drugs, namely:
- Anti-convulsants in the form of carbamazepine to repair nerve impulses
- Antipsychotics in the form of lithium are often known as mood stabilizers
- Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) antidepressants to relieve anger and general personality disorder symptoms.
What are the complications arising from antisocial personality disorder?
If you don’t get proper treatment, this disorder can lead to complications or consequences in the form of:
- Inappropriate behavior such as violence, neglect or abuse of spouses or children
- Excessive alcohol consumption and substance abuse
- Law violation
- The desire to hurt yourself or others
- Other mental health problems such as depression or anxiety disorders
- Decreased self-confidence
- Economy crisis
- Early death, usually the result of violence.
Is there a way to prevent antisocial personality disorder?
Until now, there has not been found any preventive measures for this disorder.
These mental disorders can usually be detected from certain signs in childhood by parents, teachers, or pediatricians.
Effective treatment as early as possible can prevent the onset of this personality disorder when the child grows up.
Treatment for children is usually in the form of counseling for parents, education about behavior change, the ability to solve problems in the child’s social sphere, family therapy, and psychotherapy for children.
When is the right time to consult a doctor?
If you or your child have symptoms or signs of this disorder, talk to your doctor.
Your doctor may recommend that you visit a psychiatrist, such as a psychiatrist or psychologist.
What should be prepared before visiting the doctor?
Before undergoing an examination by a doctor, you can do the following:
- List the symptoms you feel
- Record the history of past and current illnesses, as well as family medical history
- Record all drugs, supplements, herbal medicines, or vitamins that are consumed
- Create questions to ask the doctor
- Ask family or friends to accompany you when consulting your doctor. They can provide moral support as well as help you remember the information the doctor gave you.
Doctors generally will ask the following questions:
- What are the symptoms?
- When did your symptoms first appear?
- Are there risk factors for antisocial personality disorder?
- Is there a routine to take certain drugs?
- Have you ever sought medical help? If so, what treatments have you tried?
After that, the doctor will perform a physical examination and recommend investigations. This step aims to confirm the diagnosis of this disorder so that appropriate treatment can be provided.
That is the information we can convey about it. Hopefully this information can be useful for you and for all of your family.
Don’t forget to continue to have a healthy lifestyle every day by diligently exercising and eating nutritious foods, so that various diseases do not easily attack us.
Don’t forget to keep in touch with your doctor, in order to get better treatment from the doctor.