Healthzia – Anyone can experience a panic attack anywhere and anytime. You may feel anxious or afraid of harmless situations. Then what are anxiety attack symptoms and how many types are there? Here we inform you.
Anxiety is a normal reaction to danger, the body’s automatic fight or flight response that is triggered when you feel threatened, under pressure, or are faced with a challenging situation, such as a job interview, exam, or first date. In moderation, anxiety is not always bad.
Anxiety is the body’s natural reaction to stress, which can actually make us more careful and alert.
However, anxiety can be unhealthy if it appears excessively, is difficult to control, or it interferes with daily activities. This condition is known as an anxiety disorder.
What are the causes of anxiety disorders?
Anxiety disorders are a serious mental disorder. This condition can be caused by problems with brain function that regulates fear and emotions.
Here are some factors that can put a person at an increased risk of developing anxiety disorders, namely:
- Negative experiences that cause psychological stress or trauma
- Heredity factor
- Personality disorders
- Side effects of certain drugs or substances, including caffeine and drugs
- Certain diseases, such as heart rhythm disorders and thyroid disease.
What are the anxiety attack symptoms and how can they be treated?
There are several types of anxiety disorders, including panic disorder, social anxiety disorder, and general or generalized anxiety disorder.
The symptoms and treatment of anxiety disorders also vary depending on the type.
Here’s the information for you:
1. Panic disorder
People with panic disorders will experience panic attacks or excessive anxiety suddenly and repeatedly, for no apparent reason.
The frequency and severity also varies. The following are some of the symptoms that can appear when a panic disorder occurs:
- Body sweating
- Heart palpitations
- Feeling like choking or tightness in the chest
- Chest pain
- Feel like having a heart attack
- Feeling scared
- Feeling helpless
A person with this condition feels that he will be attacked anytime and anywhere. Panic disorders usually last less than 10 minutes, but some can last up to an hour or more.
If you experience heart palpitations or chest pain during a panic attack, you are advised to sit down and close your eyes.
Then inhale deeply through your nose, and exhale through your mouth. Repeat a few times until you feel calmer.
If this doesn’t work, see a doctor or psychologist immediately.
Medications that doctors give to treat panic disorders can include medications to relieve anxiety and psychotherapy, such as cognitive behavioral therapy.
2. Social anxiety disorder
Social anxiety disorder or social phobia is a feeling of extreme anxiety or fear about social situations or interactions with other people, either before, after, or during those situations.
People with social anxiety disorder are afraid to say or do things in front of other people or in public, because they think it will embarrass them.
Some of the symptoms of social anxiety disorder are:
- Fear of or reluctant to interact and greet other people, especially strangers
- Have a low level of self-confidence
- Avoid making eye contact with other people
- Fear of being criticized or judged by others
- Shame or afraid to go out of the house or be in public.
Social anxiety disorder is different from ordinary feelings of shame.
Shy people in general can still socialize or communicate and go about their daily activities, although they may feel shy if they have to greet people or get acquainted with other people.
If the feeling of embarrassment or fear of interacting with other people is felt to be so extreme that it causes difficulties in carrying out daily activities and socializing, then this condition requires medical help from a psychiatrist or psychologist.
Treatment of social anxiety disorder can include the use of anxiety medications and antidepressants, as well as cognitive behavioral therapy as part of psychotherapy.
3. Generalized anxiety disorder / GAD
This type of anxiety disorder makes sufferers feel very anxious that lasts for a long time, usually up to more than 6 months.
Patients with GAD will be very worried and think about many things (overthinking).
Things that can be thought of can be various, for example finances, health, or work.
A person suffering from generalized anxiety disorder is usually unable to focus on anything, has difficulty concentrating, and cannot feel relaxed.
In some cases, this anxiety can become so severe that it causes depression.
The following are some of the symptoms that sufferers of generalized anxiety disorder can experience:
- Shaking and sweating
- Tense muscles
- Dizziness and headaches
- No appetite
- Feeling like urinating frequently
- Hard to breathe
- Often feel tired
- Chest palpitations
- Easy to get angry
Treatment of generalized anxiety disorders can be pursued in two ways, namely through psychotherapy and administering psychotropic or sedative drugs.
If left without proper treatment, anxiety disorders can have a negative impact and reduce the sufferer’s quality of life.
Therefore, if you experience excessive anxiety that interferes with your daily activities, you should immediately consult a doctor.
Actually, the symptoms of the three are almost similar, but there are only a few that distinguish them.
Let yourself and your family care for a variety of mental illnesses besides anxiety attack symptoms.
That’s a little information we can pass on to our loyal readers. Hopefully this article is useful for all of us.