Healthzia – Whether it’s a panic attack or an anxiety attack (anxiety disorder), both of them make it difficult for the sufferer. There are some people who have experienced panic “half to death” under certain conditions. In fact, their bodies were shaking, they were sweating, and they had difficulty breathing.
This panic attack occurs like a sudden feeling of terror attacking without any signs. This situation can occur at any time, even when the sufferer is asleep. In some cases, panic attack sufferers believe they are having a heart attack. In fact, they also believed in going crazy or dying.
According to experts from Outpatient Behavioral Health Services at Henry Ford Hospital, United States, panic attacks can occur suddenly, and not as a reaction to a stressful situation.
Meanwhile, anxiety attacks are excessive and uncontrollable anxiety or worry. Well, this is what will interfere with the daily activities of the sufferer. This long-term state of anxiety can be experienced by both children and adults.
Both panic attacks and anxiety disorders have their own symptoms. However, if studied further, the symptoms are almost the same. Actually, this panic attack is not only characterized by panic or excessive anxiety. Because, there are many other symptoms that follow.
What needs to be underlined, the symptoms of this anxiety disorder usually appear spontaneously and will climax in just a few minutes. Although most cases of panic attacks only last for 5–20 minutes, some can strike for an hour.
So, what are the symptoms of panic attack?
- Stomach cramps.
- Feeling nervous and restless.
- Excessive sweating.
- Chest pain.
- Dizziness or fainting.
- Feeling danger is coming.
- Numbness or tingling.
- Feeling cold or hot that resembles a fever.
- The emergence of feeling detached from the body and feeling experiencing situations that are not real.
- There is a feeling of tightness in the throat and difficulty breathing.
- The heart beats fast and feels hard.
- acute loss of control or fear of death.
There are several symptoms that arise from an anxiety attack. The following are some of the symptoms that arise from a psychological perspective:
- Too anxious, even for trivial matters.
- Restless and unable to calm down.
- Always tense.
- Difficulty concentrating.
- Always feel cranky.
- Fear, especially in deciding something.
While the symptoms that arise from a physical point of view are:
- Stomach ache
- Excessive sweating
- The muscles are sore from constant tension
- Rapid heart rate
- Dry mouth
- Shortness of breath
Let’s Get to Know the Risk Factors
Until now, the exact cause of panic attacks is unknown. However, in people who are biologically prone to panic attacks, a state of panic usually occurs in connection with changes in their life.
For example starting your first job, getting married, getting divorced, having children outside of your plans, and so on. Not only that, a stressful lifestyle is thought to be the culprit of this anxiety disorder. Panic attacks can occur from a combination of internal and external factors.
Apart from the above, here are some other factors that can trigger panic attacks:
- Substance changes or imbalances that affect brain function.
- Genetic factors, having a family history of panic attacks.
- Excessive stress, for example because of losing someone who is very meaningful.
- Have a temperament that is prone to being affected by stress or negative emotions.
- Smoking or consuming excessive caffeine.
What about risk factors for anxiety disorders?
- Have experienced anxiety, such as domestic violence or bullying.
- Have used illegal drugs or consumed alcoholic beverages.
- There is overactivity of the parts of the brain that control emotions and behavior.
- Gender. Women are believed to be more prone to this disorder.
- Offspring, parents or close relatives with generalized anxiety disorder are five times more likely to develop the condition.
It’s not easy to distinguish between panic attacks and anxiety disorders. We need to discuss with a doctor or professional to find out these two things.