Healthzia – Generalized anxiety disorder is the appearance of excessive and uncontrollable anxiety or worry about various things and conditions. Anxious people are most common in adults over 30 years of age.
When experiencing this condition, sufferers generally cannot explain why they feel anxious or worry too much. People with anxiety disorders will feel very worried about various things, even when they are in normal situations.
Examples of anxiety disorders include generalized anxiety disorder, social anxiety disorder (social phobia), specific phobias and separation anxiety disorder. You can have more than one anxiety disorder. Sometimes anxiety results from a medical condition that needs treatment.
Quoted from the National Institute of Mental Health, there are various types of anxiety disorders, namely:
Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)
Generalized anxiety disorder is chronic anxiety characterized by excessive worry and tension. This type of anxiety disorder is continuous and tends to get out of control.
People with GAD can be very anxious even though they are not even in a tense situation, aka fine.
Excessive anxiety and tension are sometimes accompanied by physical symptoms, such as restlessness, difficulty concentrating, and even difficulty sleeping (insomnia).
Although it is difficult to calm down, people who are experiencing GAD generally can only feel their own worries without being able to express them to others. If allowed to continue, this condition can interfere with the sufferer’s daily activities.
Social anxiety disorder
Social anxiety disorder or social anxiety is the extreme fear that occurs when you are around people.
It’s normal to be nervous when you meet other people (especially strangers or important people). However, when you are always feeling nervous, even afraid, in a new environment and sweating and feeling nauseous, you may experience social anxiety.
Social anxiety disorder is one type of complex phobia. This type of phobia can have a devastating, even crippling, impact on the life of the sufferer.
The reason is, this disorder can affect a person’s self-confidence and self-esteem, interfere with relationships and performance at work or school.
Unlike regular anxiety, panic disorder can appear suddenly and repeatedly for no apparent reason.
A person experiencing this condition generally also shows physical symptoms such as excessive sweating, chest pain, headaches, shortness of breath, and irregular heartbeat. Many people often think of these symptoms as a heart attack.
Panic disorder can be characterized by panic attacks as described above. Panic attacks can be experienced anytime and anywhere.
Some people may experience a panic attack in just a matter of minutes, others it can last for hours.
Specific phobias are also included in a type of anxiety disorder. This condition is an excessive and constant fear of a certain object, situation, or activity that is generally harmless.
For example, the phobia of clowns, spiders, heights, balloons, needles, blood, and so on. People with this condition know that their fear is excessive, but they cannot overcome it.
“Anxiety disorder is a very common condition and can be treated by reducing the risk factors that may be triggers. Talk to your doctor for more information.“
What are the signs of anxious people?
Actually, the signs and symptoms of anxiety disorder depend on the type of anxiety disorder experienced by the sufferer. The following are signs and symptoms of anxiety disorder based on the type.
Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)
Some of the symptoms that appear if you have a generalized anxiety disorder include:
- It’s easy to feel tired
- Always restless
- Trouble concentrating
- Easily offended
- Trouble controlling feelings of worry
- Pain in muscles
- Experiencing sleep disturbances, including difficulty or always feeling sleep deprived
Here are some of the signs and symptoms of someone experiencing panic disorder:
- Feeling restless for no apparent reason
- Heart palpitations or increased heart rate
- Shortness of breath or chasing
- Sweating and shaking
- Cramps, tingling, or even numbness in your hands and feet
- Difficulty controlling fear or anxiety
- Tense muscles
Here are the signs:
- Excessive nervousness when engaging in social interactions
- Experiencing intense anxiety for days, weeks, or even months
- Extreme fear of feelings of being watched or judged by others, especially people you don’t know
- Avoid making eye contact with the other person
- Choose to remain silent or hide to avoid other people
- Withdraw from social activities
- Red face when asked to speak in front of many people
- Shortness of breath
- The stomach feels like a lump
- Shaking, including voice
- Heart palpitations or chest tightness
- Feel dizzy or want to pass out
As the name suggests, a person with a specific (certain) phobia will have a very strong fear of certain objects, objects or situations.
People with this condition may scream or cry hysterically when the things they fear are in front of them. Some of the physical and emotional symptoms that people with object phobia may experience include:
- Irregular heartbeat and breathing when you see the dreaded thing
- Excessive fear to sweat profusely
- Sudden nausea
- Feeling angry at a place or situation where he is afraid of things
- Very avoid all things related to the things he feared
- The person in this position can even suddenly go limp and faint when the fear he feels has reached its peak
There may be signs and symptoms of an anxiety disorder not listed above. If you have concerns about a particular symptom, consult your doctor.
Immediately go to the doctor if you experience any of the following:
- You are constantly worried about your worries that it interferes with your daily activities
- The fear, worry, and anxiety you experience are difficult to control
- Experiencing chronic stress, being addicted to alcohol, using drugs, or having other mental health problems
- Have the desire to self-harm or even commit suicide
If you have signs or symptoms above or other questions, please consult your doctor.
Remember, your worries may not go away on their own or they may even get worse over time if you don’t get help right away.
Therefore, don’t hesitate to consult a doctor, psychologist, or psychiatrist before your anxiety disorder gets worse. Treatment will be much easier if you get medical help early.
What causes anxious people?
The cause of anxiety disorder is not really known with certainty. However, experts believe that one of the causes of anxiety disorders is genetic. So, if you have a parent or sibling who has an anxiety disorder, you are at higher risk for it too.
Past traumatic events and long-term stress can also contribute to chronic anxiety disorder. In fact, this condition can also be caused due to certain medical conditions. Yes, in some cases, signs and symptoms of anxiety are the first indicators of a medical illness.
If your doctor suspects that your anxiety is caused by a certain health problem, your doctor will recommend that you do several tests to confirm the diagnosis.
Some of the medical conditions that can be associated with anxiety disorders include:
- Heart disease
- Thyroid problems, such as hyperthyroidism
- Respiratory disorders, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma
- Drug abuse
- Alcohol addiction
- Chronic pain or irritable bowel syndrome
- Rare tumors that can trigger the production of adrenaline or certain other hormones
What are the risk factors for anxious people?
In fact, the risk factors for each type of anxiety disorder can vary depending on the type. However, as reported by the Mayo Clinic, some common risk factors that can trigger all types of anxiety disorder include:
Children who experience sexual abuse or witness traumatic events in childhood are at a higher risk of developing anxiety disorder as adults. Not only children, adults too.
2. Genetic history
Having blood relatives, especially parents and siblings, can increase your risk of developing anxiety disorders.
3. Certain personalities
People with certain personality types are more prone to anxiety disorders than others.
4. Experiencing mental disorders
People with mental disorders, such as depression, often experience anxiety disorders as well.
5. Use of drugs or alcohol
Alcohol and drug abuse can cause or even worsen your anxiety disorder.
6. Stress due to an illness
Having a serious health condition or illness can trigger feelings of fear and anxiety.
Especially with regard to medical costs, opportunities for recovery, to how you face the future later.
“The information provided is not a substitute for medical advice. ALWAYS consult your doctor.”
In general, the doctor will diagnose the symptoms you complain about and medical history. In addition, doctors can also perform several examinations, such as blood tests and psychological tests.
This is done to find out if there are other conditions that could be causing your symptoms and confirm a diagnosis.
How to deal with anxious people?
The main treatments for anxiety disorder are psychotherapy and drugs.
Psychotherapy, also known as talk therapy or psychological counseling, is a treatment for anxiety disorders.
There are many kinds of psychotherapy, but the one most often used to treat anxiety disorder is cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT).
This therapy focuses on the relationship between your problems, thought patterns, and behavior. In this therapy, you will be asked to open up and tell the therapist about all the complaints you are facing.
No need to feel embarrassed or anxious, your therapist is non-judgmental and will definitely keep all your secrets.
Guided by a therapist, you will be invited to find the root of the problem you want to solve and the final goal you want to achieve.
B. With medicine from a doctor
Your doctor may also prescribe certain medications to relieve your anxiety symptoms. Several types of drugs that are often prescribed by doctors to treat anxiety disorders are antidepressants and anti-anxiety.
The doctor will prescribe other drugs according to your condition. Please consult a doctor for more information.
What are the treatments that can be done alone at home for anxious people?
Anxiety disorder or anxiety disorder resembles other medical conditions. This condition will not go away on its own. It is important that you understand your condition and follow a treatment plan.
Here are some simple things you can do at home to help relieve your current anxiety disorder symptoms:
- Calm your mind by doing meditation or worship.
- Take a warm bath to relax tense muscles.
- Exercising for about half an hour can reduce anxiety, make you calmer, and make you more confident.
- Use essential oils for massage or sleep aromatherapy.
- Doing hobbies that you enjoy or even trying new things that you’ve never done before.
- Tell stories with trusted people, whether it’s family, spouse, or closest friends.
- Don’t hesitate to seek support from a doctor or psychologist if you really need it.
What are the ways to prevent anxious people?
Anxiety, like many other mental health conditions, can be more difficult to treat if you don’t get checked out right away. Therefore, don’t hesitate to consult a doctor or psychologist when you experience unusual anxiety.
Most people think that people who go to doctors or psychologists are “crazy”. But it is not. Anyone can consult a psychologist to maintain their mental health.
It should be understood that mental health is just as important as the health of your body. So, you don’t need to be diagnosed with a mental disorder first to go to a psychologist.
Change your lifestyle from what was negative to a positive one. For example, from being lazy to exercise before becoming diligent in exercising. There are many other ways to change our lifestyle to be positive, such as quitting smoking, quitting alcohol consumption, quitting illegal drugs, and so on.
Always consult a doctor or psychotherapy to get better and more optimal treatment.