Health and information – Before knowing which is more dangerous between bipolar disorder type 2 and bipolar disorder type 1, it would be better if we first know what bipolar disorder is. Here’s the complete information for you.
Bipolar disorder may be familiar to your ears. There are two types of bipolar disorder that you need to know about, namely bipolar disorder type 1 and bipolar disorder type 2.
Bipolar disorder type 2 is a form of mental illness. This type of bipolar disorder is similar to bipolar 1 disorder, in that the mood fluctuates between manic and depressive episodes over time.
In bipolar disorder type 2, the mood swings don’t get to manic levels. Therefore, this increase is called a hypomanic or hypomanic episode.
What are the differences between type 2 and type 1 bipolar disorder?
The main difference between bipolar types 1 and 2 has to do with the intensity of the manic episode. Here is the information we can share for you.
A. Bipolar disorder type 1
People with bipolar type 1 experience at least one manic episode with or without a depressive episode.
Additionally, the manic episode that occurs may involve hallucinations or delusions.
B. Bipolar disorder type 2
People with this disorder experience at least one hypomanic episode and one depressive episode without involving hallucinations or delusions.
Most of the sufferers experience even more frequent episodes of depression.
Anyone can develop bipolar type 2 disorder. However, a person’s risk of developing this mental disorder is higher if they have a family history of bipolar disorder.
Not only that, environmental factors, brain feature structure, stress, to traumatic events in the past can also trigger this condition.
What are the symptoms of bipolar disorder type 2?
Symptoms of this disorder usually begin to appear in your teens or early 20s. This condition is characterized by episodes of hypomania followed by episodes of depression.
Here is the explanation:
A. Hypomanic episodes
Hypomanic episodes generally last for several days and are characterized by the following:
- Act and think faster
- Talk a lot or speak faster than usual
- Easy to get angry
- Drink more coffee or alcohol
- Have more energy and confidence
- Become more sociable, flirtatious, or sexually active
- Feel more creative
- Easier to get sidetracked
- Engaging in risky behavior, such as spending money or fighting
- More smoking or taking drugs.
When someone has an episode of hypomania, they will probably feel fine.
However, other people may notice unusual behavior. Then, once you feel better, a depressive episode will likely appear.
B. Depressive episodes
There are various symptoms of a depressive episode in bipolar especially type 2, including:
- Loss of interest in activities
- Low motivation to live
- Has a low energy level
- Feeling sad, empty, and hopeless
- Too much or too little sleep
- Feeling guilty or worthless
- It’s hard to focus
- Weight gain or decrease without dieting
- Have suicidal thoughts or thoughts.
What are the treatments for bipolar disorder type 2?
To determine whether type 2 bipolar disorder is present or not, it’s best to consult a psychologist or psychiatrist. Treatment for this disorder usually involves drugs and psychotherapy.
A. With medicine
Various types of drugs that may be used to treat this disorder, namely:
- Mood stabilizer. Lithium, valporic acid, divalproex sodium, carbamazepine, and lamotrigine are types of mood stabilizing drugs. This medication can help control episodes of hypomania that occur.
- Antipsychotics. Antipsychotic drugs, such as olanzapine, risperidone, quetiapine, aripiprazole, ziprasidone, lurasidone, cariprazine, or asenapine, may also be prescribed to control bipolar disorder.
- Antidepressants. In addition to the two types of drugs above, antidepressants can also be prescribed to help control depressive episodes. However, this medication can sometimes trigger a manic episode and so needs to be given along with a mood stabilizer for people with bipolar especially type 2.
B. With psychotherapy
Psychotherapy is needed to treat this disorder. You may be recommended to take cognitive behavioral therapy, which aims to identify negative beliefs and behaviors and replace them with positive ones.
Other types of therapy, such as social rhythm therapy, can establish a consistent routine for managing mood well.
C. Lifestyle changes
Making lifestyle changes can help maintain a more stable mood.
Try to exercise regularly for at least 30 minutes every day, eat a nutritionally balanced diet, get adequate and regular sleep, and record mood swings to help identify patterns and triggers.
Which is more dangerous than bipolar disorder type 2 or type 1?
When asked which is more dangerous between bipolar type 2 disorder and type 1, of course the answer is equally dangerous. For that, immediately see a doctor to get a more intensive treatment.
Do not underestimate this bipolar disorder, because if you don’t get good treatment, it will be bad for the sufferer.
Always control yourself and your family, if there are symptoms like the ones we mentioned above, immediately see a doctor for consultation.
That’s a little information we can convey about bipolar disorder type. Hopefully our writing can be of benefit to you and your family all.