Complex post-traumatic stress disorder | Overview, symptoms, causes

Complex post-traumatic stress disorder

Health and information – Complex post-traumatic stress disorder or PTSD is a mental condition in which you experience a panic attack that is triggered by the trauma of a complex past experience. Experiencing a traumatic event is tough for anyone.

However, some people develop PTSD after experiencing a painful or shocking event, such as an accident, life-threatening incident, or war.

He may think about this traumatic event all the time and this can affect his life. It can be difficult to adjust to and accept change after a traumatic event, but there are always ways to make you feel better.

PTSD is a relatively common condition. Post-traumatic stress disorder generally affects women more than men because most women are more sensitive to change than men, so they experience more intense emotions.

PTSD is a condition that can affect patients of all ages, even children. PTSD can be treated by reducing risk factors. Talk to your doctor for more information.

What are the signs and symptoms of Complex post-traumatic stress disorder?

As we summarized from Web MD, the signs and symptoms of PTSD are:

  1. You can’t stop thinking about the specific event that caused the trauma. When you have PTSD, you can repeatedly recall traumatic experiences through flashbacks, hallucinations, and nightmares.
  2. You stay away from social life
  3. In the fear you experience when a panic attack comes on, you don’t want to meet other people, or avoid people, places, thoughts, or situations that might remind you of trauma.
  4. The result of this avoidance is feelings of isolation and isolation from family and friends, and a loss of interest in activities that you normally enjoy.
  5. You will experience emotions more intensely than before. This means you may be more irritable or depressed, or your moods change more quickly.
  6. You may have other related problems, including feeling or showing affection, or feeling extremely anxious or easily startled.
  7. You may have trouble sleeping and concentrating.
  8. Physically, you may experience symptoms such as increased blood pressure and heart rate, rapid breathing, muscle tension, nausea, and diarrhea.

Some of the other symptoms or signs may not be listed above. If you feel anxious about these symptoms, consult a doctor immediately.

Were the right time to see a doctor?

Many people with mental conditions feel embarrassed and want to postpone their doctor visits. However, you must remember that PTSD can be cured. The earlier you seek treatment, the sooner PTSD will heal.

Calling your doctor is what you need to do if you experience the following PTSD symptoms:

  1. You have had bad thoughts and feelings about the traumatic event for more than a month
  2. Your negative thoughts and feelings are severe
  3. You have a hard time trying to control your life
  4. You may want to injure yourself or end your life.

What causes complex post-traumatic stress disorder?

The cause of PTSD remains unclear. However, the fact that you have experienced, seen, or are aware of an event involving death, death threats, serious injury or sexual harassment is believed to cause PTSD.

On the other hand, a combination of factors that can increase your risk of developing PTSD are:

  1. You have mental health risks such as an increased risk of anxiety and depression
  2. You have experienced a number of traumatic events since childhood
  3. You inherit certain aspects of your personality or temperament
  4. The way the brain controls the chemicals and hormones the body releases in response to stress.

What risks increase the development of a complex post-traumatic stress disorder?

There are many risk factors for PTSD, especially if people have had difficult experiences. However, some factors that may make it easier for you to develop PTSD after a traumatic event are:

  1. Experiencing intense or prolonged trauma
  2. Have experienced other trauma in childhood, including abuse or neglect
  3. Having a job that increases the risk of being exposed to a traumatic event, such as military personnel, search and rescue teams, and emergency response teams
  4. Have other mental health problems, such as anxiety or depression
  5. Lack of a good support system from family and friends
  6. Have a biological relative with mental health problems, including PTSD or depression.

Everyone faces difficult times in life, but some are more prone to developing post-traumatic stress disorder. The most common events that trigger the development of PTSD are:

  1. Get involved on the battlefield
  2. Child neglect and physical abuse
  3. Sexual harassment
  4. Physical attack
  5. Threatened with guns

Many other traumatic events can also cause post-traumatic stress disorder, such as fires, natural disasters, mugging, robbery, car accidents, airplane accidents, torture, kidnapping, life-threatening medical diagnoses, terrorist attacks, and other extreme or dangerous events.

Treatment options for complex post-traumatic stress disorder

The information provided is not a substitute for medical advice. ALWAYS consult your doctor.

Treating PTSD means you have to take control of your own life again. The first treatment is psychotherapy, which is often used in combination with drugs.

When you combine these treatments, your symptoms can improve. Plus, you need to learn symptom recognition skills and help you feel better about yourself.

Your doctor will teach you how to manage it if symptoms return. In addition, this treatment will help treat disorders associated with traumatic experiences, such as depression, anxiety, or emerging alcohol or drug abuse.

There are a number of psychological methods designed to help you spot problems and identify them, such as cognitive therapy, exposure therapy, and eye movement desensitization.

Cognitive therapy helps you recognize what’s stuck in your memory. Exposure therapy helps you handle scary things safely so that you can learn to cope with them effectively.

Insensitive eye movements and reprocessing them with a series of guided eye movements help you process traumatic memories and change how you react to traumatic memories.

You may need several medications to treat symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder. Medications can be antidepressants to help reduce symptoms of depression and anxiety; anti-anxiety medication to relieve feelings of anxiety and stress; and prazosin if symptoms involve insomnia or recurring nightmares.

The usual test for complex post-traumatic stress disorder

PTSD is a condition that is not diagnosed until at least one month has passed since the traumatic event occurred. If for a month after the incident you experience the symptoms above, you should see a doctor.

If PTSD symptoms appear, the doctor will begin an assessment by taking a complete medical history and physical examination. While there are no laboratory tests to specifically diagnose PTSD, your doctor may use a variety of tests to rule out a physical illness as the cause of your symptoms.

If no physical illness is found, you may be referred to a psychiatrist, psychologist, or mental health professional who is specifically trained to diagnose and treat mental illness. Psychiatrists and psychologists will use interviews and assessment tools to assess a person for anxiety disorders.

The way doctors base a PTSD diagnosis is based on reported symptoms, including daily functioning problems. The doctor then determines whether the symptoms and the degree of dysfunction indicate PTSD.

PTSD is diagnosed when a person experiences PTSD symptoms that last more than a month.

Treatment that can be done at home

Lifestyle and home remedies that can help with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) include:

  1. Follow the treatment plan and be patient
  2. Study PTSD, which helps you understand how you feel, and then you can come up with strategies to help you respond effectively
  3. Get enough rest, eat a healthy diet, exercise, and take time to relax
  4. Do not abuse alcohol or drugs to numb feelings, which cause more problems and prevent real healing.

Also Read: Anorexia treatment

That is the information we can convey about complex post-traumatic stress disorder. Hopefully it can provide benefits for us all.

Don’t forget to continue to do a healthy lifestyle every day in your family. If you experience the symptoms mentioned above, immediately consult a doctor to get more intensive treatment.


(WebMD | Mayo Clinic | | ADAA)

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