Health and information – What is depersonalization disorder? Depersonalization disorder is a phenomenon in which a person feels separated from his own thoughts, feelings, and body, or feels disconnected from his surroundings.
Depersonalization-derealization disorder occurs when you constantly or repeatedly feel that you are observing yourself from outside your body or that you feel that things around you are not real, or both. Feelings of depersonalization and derealization can be very disturbing and it may feel like you are living a dream.
However, people who experience this disorder do not lose touch or contact with reality. They are still aware that their strange perceptions are not real.
In addition, depersonalization or derealization disorder can also be a symptom of certain mental health disorders or physical disorders that affect the brain.
This disorder is a part of a group of diseases known as dissociative disorders.
This disorder is a mental health disease that includes impaired memory, awareness, identity, and perception. All of these are brain functions that should work properly.
When one or more of these functions is impaired, dissociative symptoms can occur.
Thus, these symptoms can interfere with the function of a person as a whole, both in the field of work and in their personal relationships.
The prevalence of depersonalization disorder is still relatively rare, only about two percent of the world’s population. Most people with this disorder show signs and symptoms at a young age – with an average age of 16 years.
What are the symptoms of depersonalization disorder?
The main symptoms of depersonalization disorder are distorted self-perception and a sense of disconnection from one’s own thoughts, feelings, and body.
Meanwhile, derealization disorder is characterized by a feeling of being disconnected from the surrounding environment.
Individuals with this disorder may feel alive as robots, observing themselves from outside their bodies, or living in a dream world.
However, if the condition is getting worse, you will experience the following conditions:
- Feeling afraid of going crazy
- Experiencing anxiety disorders
- Experiencing panic attacks
In some people with this condition, the symptoms experienced can be mild and short-lived.
However, in some others, the various symptoms that arise can last a long time, even up to years.
This is what causes problems in the functioning of their daily life.
In some cases, chronic depersonalization or derealization can also cause disability.
What are the causes of depersonalization disorder?
The emergence of this disorder is not known for sure until now. Some people are known to have a tendency to experience it.
The increased risk is thought to be related to genetic factors and the presence of negative pressures in the surrounding environment.
A person will be more at risk of experiencing depersonalization disorder, especially after facing major unpleasant events in his life, such as psychological trauma, war, natural disasters, and others.
Although generally experienced as a result of psychological trauma, depersonalization disorders can also arise due to the presence of other diseases in the body.
For example, seizures, tumors or other diseases in the brain, other psychiatric disorders, to drug abuse.
What needs to be done to treat depersonalization disorder?
There are many types of therapy that can be used to treat depersonalization disorder, such as the following examples:
- Family therapy
- Creative therapy
- Drug therapy
- Hypnosis method
However, it is most important to address the conditions that underlie the onset of this disorder.
These conditions include past trauma, prolonged stress, or even physical symptoms that affect brain function related to self-perception.
Therapy for depersonalization disorder is not carried out for life, given the fact that the majority of people with this condition recover completely from symptoms.
Especially if the underlying psychological conditions such as stress and trauma have been successfully resolved, so that they no longer trigger symptoms of depersonalization disorder.
It can be concluded that depersonalization disorder is not always a life sentence that must be treated continuously.
Although there is no definite way to prevent depersonalization disorders, the best preventive way is to immediately seek help from a medical professional if you feel you have mental health problems.
One of the conditions that need to be watched out for is the disturbance of self-perception which is a characteristic of depersonalization disorder.
The earlier treatment and therapy are given, the easier it will be to handle.
In conclusion, depersonalization disorder sufferers are not always dependent on drugs.
Therapy is generally used to treat symptoms such as anxiety, panic, or depression.
Management of events that result in severe emotional trauma has a major role in preventing a person from developing mental health problems or depersonalization, although many other factors affect it, including genetics and the environment.
That is the information we can convey about this. Don’t forget to always adopt a healthy lifestyle at home by exercising diligently and eating highly nutritious foods.