Mental health information – Depression is one of the most common psychological problems in modern English. This also increases. More people seek professional help because of depression than before. This handout describes some of the more general symptoms of depression and suggests ways to fight them.
These symptoms can be known cognitive (what we think about) and physiological (physical change in the body). It is important to deal with the two sets of symptoms in order to succeed in overcoming depression.
Physiological symptoms of depression
Many depression people can actually feel changes in their bodies. For some people it is a feeling of stirring, especially in anxious depression. Others experience severe sensations with lethargy and even physical pain. Some difficulty digest food.
Which is one reason for appetite disturbance which is a very common feature of depression. Others have difficulty sleeping.
One thing that is common for almost every form of depression is treatment. This approach can vary depending on the nature and severity of the disease but the prognosis is usually very good – as long as the sufferer is ready to take part active in their own care. Even most types of therapy are based on the choice and participation of their own client. Even those who start with a little more than treatment usually lead to active client participation. The more people who depression do to help themselves the greater the chance of sustainable success.
Symptoms of cognitive depression
The symptoms of cognitive or psychological depression – what we think is as important as physiologically. Some people believe that psychological symptoms are more important but this is not necessarily true. After all there is no such thing as ‘mind / body split’. Actually they are one and the same – only two sides of the same coin. That’s why we need to consider both.
People who are depressed tend to think in a certain way. They say to themselves the same things, pessimistic things repeatedly. This is what is called a psychologist with negative thinking. After a while this thinking pattern is a habit. When that happens it is described as automatic negative thinking. This habit formation is one of the most destructive aspects of depression because it locks the patient into the spiral down which drags them deeper and more in despair. Then we will consider the ways to break the cycle but for now it is enough to recognize some more general thought patterns and the effects they have on depression behavior.
A. Everything will never be better
If we believe this then we also believe that there is no point in trying to increase something. This one thought stopped the people who were depressed from joining their care plan. These people become lethargic and apathetic. Not the beginning of the most helpful for recovery.
B. People will be better without me
It’s not difficult to see where this pattern of thought leads. Many people who are depressed are very convincing about their own helplessness so they come to see themselves no more than a burden for others. This idea can cause withdrawal, social isolation, shame and even self or suicide. Again this is not a useful way to think of yourself.
C. I can’t resist depression after what I have passed
This is a very common depression thought. It seems quite reasonable. People who have gone through difficult times are almost expected to be depression. The problem is that such a belief system takes individual choices. If you believe depression cannot be avoided, you won’t really fight against it so you won’t change it until you believe it’s suffering enough.
Some people ‘wear’ their depression like a badge. As if they thought they had produced it and no one would take it from them. Of course it is true that they have the perfect right to feel depressed as they like as long as they like. The question is – why do they want?
D. Depression runs in my family – it’s genetically
This attitude is called determinism. That is the idea that people are victims of helpless destiny. They believe that because their parents suffer from depression, they must also. Of course it is true that depression is often running in the family but it is not always due to genetics. Sometimes it’s just because the skills of the overcome we learn from our parents. Skills that can be measured or changed – often with little effort. Even the cases where the problem seems genetic can be very helpful after they release their deterministic attitude. Every thought that implies helplessness is deterministic and very damaging.
There are many more depression thinking – too much to close in this leaflet. But people who recognize themselves and their own thinking styles in the above paragraph may benefit from various ‘speech healing’ available.
Now let’s consider some types of depression.
1. Reactive depression
Reactive depression, as the name implies, is a reaction to the circumstances or events of life. It is usually responsive to counseling or psychotherapy but may require drug care in a more severe case. Reactive depression is also known as an adjustment disorder.
2. Endogenous depression
Endogenous depression is also known as biological depression and is generally considered a genetic origin. This type of depression is usually treated with drugs in the first instance even though cognitive and lifestyle interventions still have the main role to play.
3. Psychotic depression
Psychotic depression is one of the most confusing form of depression, both for sufferers and for the surrounding people. Psychotic people can be said to have lost contact with reality. This means that they consider the world in a very different way of others. They may be hallucinating (sound hearing, seeing vision) or suffering from various thoughts that cause them to fully interpret events. Often people who experience psychological depression become paranoid or become believed that their minds are not their own (insertion thinking) or others can ‘hear’ their minds (broadcasting thinking).
Other psychotic depression symptoms include reference ideas (the belief that everyday things have some special meanings for them), nihilistic delusion (where sufferers believe that their body parts change or in some cases they really die) , This is far from the complete psychotic symptom list.
Once again this type of depression is best treated with drugs even though research shows that training in skills such as firmness or anxiety management makes relapse less likely.
4. Manic depression
Manic depression or bi-polar affective disorder is characterized by state of mind. Patients experience absolute maximums (mania) and absolute minimum (depression). The treatment options are similar here as for psychotic depression, although prescribed medications may vary. Interestingly, some psychiatrists consider that both psychotic depression and the bi-polar affective disorder are different presentations exactly from the same disease. As with so much in psychiatry, today the jury is still coming out of that.
The chemistry of depression
The best way to understand the chemistry of depression would be a medical rating followed by years of study specialized in psychiatry or pharmacological training. However, here are some useful basics.
The brain is full of chemical products called neurotransmitters. These chemicals are used to carry electrical signals through the nerves, which is how human beings think and feel. We need adequate amounts of neurotransmitters in the right balance to run correctly.
There are several neurotransmitters that affect the mood, but here we will consider one. This neurotransmitter is called serotonin. Simply put the serotonin more into the brain, the greater the mood of a person. If the level of serotonin drops depresses us. That is why many of the prescribed medications to treat depression have an effect on the serotonin level.
Serotonin also affects sleep, so depressed people tend to sleep badly, often find it hard to drop first, vigilant repeatedly through the night or sleeping solidly, but for a short time. It is often done with serotonin.
By the way, that’s why people who drink a lot of alcohol tend to be depressed and often have trouble sleeping. It is because alcohol destroys serotonin. Both to encourage us with drinks. We can find it easy enough to let sleep when we are drunk, but we drink regularly and soon you will be waking up in the middle of the night. Then you are on the slope slippery to depression. And he thought that the advice to avoid mixing alcohol with antidepressants was simply that doctors were bad! If you want the tablets to work awake alcohol.
What you can do?
The following suggestions are designed to combat physiology of depression and psychology. Try as much or as little as you like – it’s really up to you. Remember that the more than this you practice the greater the chance of your recovery. Choice is there.
Avoid alcohol – especially excessive.
Don’t smoke – it drops tissue and oxygen brain and causes lethargy.
Eating a healthy diet designed to give you a lot of energy.
Take ordinary aerobic exercises. The road is fast usually enough.
Give yourself time to rest.
Involved in several projects that will ‘take you out of yourself’.
Stop talking / thinking about depression and concentrating on doing something.
Keep your mind active. Try registered in the night class to increase concentration. Even reading newspapers or doing crosswords will help.
Write goals – even small children and praise yourself for their achievements.
If you can’t sleep wake up and do something. You will sleep when you are tired enough. It is important not to reflect on depression thinking.
But tempting you might avoid the use of determinism as a reason for depression.
Study of firmness and anxiety management.
If you need to visit a doctor.
Avoid eating comfort – you will only be more depressed every time you look into the mirror.
Helping other people is often a good way to increase self-esteem and distract you from your own problems.
Understand the difference between problems and facts.
Decide to make the best of every situation.
Adopt happy physiology – stand up straight, move fast, smile. Remember the mind and body that is linked and changing the way you act will affect your mood – and quickly too. Try it, you might be surprised.
Stop talking about how bad things are bad and start planning to make it better – Remember you are responsible for your feelings. What will you do?
Always remember that if you wait for other people to come and ‘fix’ you will never change. You have to do most of your own work.
Take action to lift your mood every day – and give yourself a praise to do it. Your self-esteem needs an encouragement.
Become ‘Reverse Paranoid’. Expect good things to happen to you every day. They will.
Use affirmations regularly.
Calculate your blessings – write down and talk about everything you are grateful for in your life. Thank you a good person to you.
Don’t expect too many of the others. Remember no one got their own way all the time.
Do not give up.
I hope this short depression overview is useful. As you can appreciate, far more to learn but this is the basics. Information here will not make you a medication title but will help you overcome depression – as long as you apply it. But remember, that this is not intended as a replacement for medical assistance that qualifies. If you need such help then my advice is to go and get it – now!