Healthzia – Before you diagnosing dementia, it would be best if you know what dementia is and what you need to do to prevent dementia? here is the information for you.
Dementia is a syndrome characterized by decreased brain function. Dementia often occurs in people over 65 years of age.
Is caused by various diseases and injuries. Mental impairment can be divided from mild to severe. Some types of dementia are progressive or get worse over time.
Dementia describes a group of symptoms that affect memory, thinking, and social skills severe enough to interfere with your daily life. It is not a specific disease, but several different diseases can cause dementia.
What are the symptoms of dementia that you should know about?
People with dementia will generally experience depression, mood and behavior changes, social difficulties, and hallucinations.
Patients are unable to live independently and need the support of others.
Symptoms that are commonly felt include memory loss, difficulty communicating, difficulty speaking and speaking, difficulty solving problems or planning something, decreased concentration, difficulty making decisions and coordinating body movements, and psychological disorders (such as depression, anxiety, agitation, paranoia, and hallucinations. ).
In severe conditions, sufferers can experience further symptoms such as paralysis on one side of the body, inability to hold urine, decreased appetite, and difficulty swallowing.
What are the causes of dementia?
Please note, before diagnosing dementia you need to know what causes the dementia.
Dementia is caused by damage to the nerve cells of the brain in certain parts, thereby reducing the ability to communicate with other nerves in the body.
And that results in the appearance of symptoms according to the area of the brain that is damaged.
There are various conditions in the case of dementia.
There are types of dementia that develop progressively, and there are other conditions like dementia that occur due to certain reactions and can be suppressed.
Progressive dementia is a condition caused by damage to certain brain nerve cells and can worsen over time. This condition generally cannot be completely reversed.
Some types of progressive dementia include Alzheimer’s disease, vascular dementia, lewy body dementia, frontotemporal dementia, and mixed dementia.
Are there any risk factors for dementia?
Out of control and irreversible risk factors for dementia include increasing age, family medical history, and health problems such as mild cognitive impairment and Down syndrome.
Meanwhile, risk factors for dementia that can be controlled or avoided include smoking and alcohol consumption.
There are also other controllable risk factors, namely depression, sleep apnea, diabetes, obesity, high cholesterol, hypertension, and atherosclerosis (fat buildup on artery walls).
How is diagnosing dementia?
Diagnosing dementia is not easy to diagnose because of the many symptoms that can indicate similar diseases.
In addition to asking about the patient’s and family’s medical and medical history, a physical examination and a series of follow-up tests are also carried out, such as:
- A thorough medical history
- Physical examination
- Laboratory tests, including blood tests
- Overview of symptoms, including changes in memory, behavior, and brain function
- Family history
The doctor will perform some of the above tests for diagnosing dementia.
What treatment is needed for dementia?
Dementia can be overcome by consuming certain drugs, and doing psychological therapy such as cognitive stimulation therapy and reality orientation, behavior, occupation, and validation.
Apart from these therapies, there are also several supporting therapies that can be done at home, such as music therapy, aromatherapy, massage, playing with pets, and doing art activities.
During the therapy process, it is highly recommended to modify household furniture to make it easier for sufferers to move and get rid of sharp objects so as not to endanger sufferers.
How to prevent dementia?
Dementia cannot be prevented, but there are several ways that can be done to reduce the risk, namely:
- Get regular exercise
- Reduce alcohol intake
- Maintain weight
- Increase your vitamin D intake
- Quit smoking
- Avoid injury to the head
- Maintain health, such as controlling blood pressure, blood sugar levels, and cholesterol
- Exercise your brain regularly, like reading and playing puzzles
- Maintain nutritional intake and adopt a healthy diet, for example foods low in fat and high in fiber.
That’s some information about diagnosing dementia and its various descriptions. Immediately consult a doctor to get better treatment.
Do a healthy lifestyle by regularly exercising every day at least half an hour every day. And don’t forget to eat fresh fruits and green vegetables so that all the nutrients in the body are fulfilled.