Health and information – An eating disorder is a psychological condition that causes a person’s eating habits or patterns to become unhealthy. There are various types of list of eating disorders that you should be aware of. Here’s the information for you.
This unhealthy eating habit usually occurs when a person has an obsession with the ideal body shape and weight.
A severe eating disorder can lead to serious health conditions if not treated properly.
The symptoms of an eating disorder can vary, but most of the symptoms include self-torturing and removing food from the body such as vomiting and excessive exercise. Eating disorders are often experienced by adolescents and young women.
What are the causes of eating disorders?
There are actually many causes of eating disorders, but what you need to be aware of are the following causes, such as:
A. Genetic factors
One study states that eating disorders may be hereditary.
In this study it was also proven that if one of the twins has an eating disorder, the risk of the other twins experiencing an eating disorder is also 50 percent.
B. Personality disorders
The presence of personality disorders, such as perfectionism, neuroticism, and impulsivity can also cause a person to experience eating disorders.
C. Differences in brain structure
Recently, experts have found that differences in brain structure can also play a role in eating disorders.
However, further research and study is needed regarding the correctness and accuracy of this information.
What are the list of eating disorders that need attention?
Apart from anorexia nervosa, there are many other types of eating disorders. You may also hear bulimia nervosa a lot. There are also other eating disorders, such as pica and binge eating.
Here’s the information for you about various list of eating disorders:
1. Anorexia nervosa
Anorexia is one of the most common types of eating disorders. It is usually occurs during adolescence or young adulthood and tends to affect women more than men.
When you have anorexia, you will think of yourself as overweight, even though you are actually very thin.
You will usually constantly monitor your weight, avoid eating certain types of food, and severely limit your calorie intake.
Anorexia can be divided into 2 types, namely:
- If eating disorders include limiting the amount of food, fasting, excessive exercise, and a strict diet to lose weight.
- If an eating disorder occurs after consuming large amounts of food, then you will carry out various activities to remove or remove food from the body, such as forcing vomiting, taking laxatives or diuretics, and doing excessive exercise.
Anorexia can be very damaging to the body because over time, people with anorexia may experience thinning bones, infertility, and brittle hair and nails.
In severe cases, anorexia can cause heart failure, brain failure, complications, and death.
2. Bulimia nervosa
Bulimia nervosa is an eating disorder similar to anorexia and usually occurs in adolescence or early adulthood and occurs more frequently in women than in men.
The symptoms of bulimia nervosa are similar to that of one type of anorexia, which is eating large amounts of food and then vomiting it, taking laxatives, or exercising excessively afterward.
People with bulimia nervosa also regard weight and body shape as their pride, and are very afraid of gaining weight even though their body is already thin.
Bulimia can also cause long-term side effects, such as tooth decay, irritable bowel, acid reflux, severe dehydration, hormonal disorders, sore throat, and wear and tear of tooth enamel.
If it is severe, bulimia can also create an imbalance in electrolyte levels, such as sodium, potassium, and calcium. This can lead to a stroke or heart attack.
3. Binge eating disorder
This binge eating disorder is similar to the symptoms of bulimia nervosa, which is eating large amounts of food in a short time.
However, there are no activities to limit calories and remove food from the body, such as vomiting or excessive exercise.
If you have binge eating disorder, you should start controlling your food intake, because people with binge eating disorder are often overweight or obese.
It also increases the risk of medical complications associated with being overweight, such as heart disease, stroke and type 2 diabetes.
4. Pica eating disorder
Pica is an unnatural eating disorder because it is done by consuming non-food substances, such as soap, cloth, gravel, detergent, hair, soil, paper, chalk, or other objects that can harm the body.
It is can occur in adults, children, and adolescents.
But according to experts, pica disorder occurs most often in children, pregnant women, and people with mental disabilities.
If you experience a pica eating disorder, the patient will be at risk for poisoning, infection, intestinal injury, and nutritional deficiencies.
Pica can also be fatal if the substances consumed are dangerous.
5. Rumination disorder
Rumination disorder is an eating disorder when a person vomits food that has previously been chewed and swallowed, then chews it again, and then swallows it again or vomits it up.
Usually ruminating disorders occur in the first 30 minutes after eating.
These eating disorders can occur in infancy, childhood, or adulthood.
In infants, ruminant eating disorders usually occur when the baby is 3-12 months old and often go away on their own.
However, if it does not go away, this condition must be addressed as a baby because it can lead to malnutrition and fatal weight loss.
6. Avoidant / restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID)
Avoidant / restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID) is a term to describe eating disorders in infants.
However, ARFID does not only occur in infants or children. Adult men and women can experience it too.
Usually this eating disorder occurs when you dislike the food or dislike the smell, color, taste, texture, and temperature of certain foods.
As a result, people with ARFID eating disorders can experience food shortages and malnutrition.
Is there a list of eating disorders other than those listed above?
It turns out that there are several other eating disorders that may be experienced, including:
- Cleaning disturbance. If you experience this type of eating disorder, then you will have the habit of vomiting or removing all food from the body by forced vomiting, excessive exercise, laxatives, or diuretic drugs. However, this condition is not accompanied by binge eating behavior or overeating.
- Dinner syndrome. If you have a dinner syndrome disorder, a person with the syndrome will eat excessively, especially after waking up in the morning.
- Orthorexia. Orthorexia is an eating disorder that causes sufferers to become obsessed with healthy food but to the point of disrupting their daily life. It is sufferers will strictly adhere to dietary rules, which can cause malnutrition, emotional stress, drastic weight loss, and difficulty eating.
Contact your doctor if you have symptoms of an eating disorder
Eating disorders are mental illnesses, which can lead to physical and emotional problems in the sufferer.
If you, or someone closest to you, shows symptoms of an eating disorder, immediately consult a psychiatric specialist.
Treatment for eating disorders will depend on the type of disorder you are experiencing.
In general, doctors will recommend a combination of psychotherapy, a special diet, medication, and medical supervision of people with eating disorders.
Don’t forget to always adopt a healthy lifestyle every day by doing exercise every day and eating nutritious foods, so that the body becomes healthy and is not susceptible to various diseases.
That’s a little information we can convey about lists of eating disorders. Hopefully this information can be useful for you and for your family.