Health and information – Sleep is as important as breathing and eating, therefore you need to know the long term effects of sleep deprivation thoroughly so that we can prevent these things from happening. When you fall asleep, your body will automatically improve its condition, both physically and mentally.
So that when we wake up, the body will feel more energized and refreshed. In addition, sleep also helps the growth process in children and adolescents, because it is during sleep that growth hormone is released.
You could say that humans are like cellphones. With a cellphone that runs out of battery (life power), it needs to be charged to restore its power or so that it can be used again.
Likewise, humans who need sleep to restore their body condition so they can return to their activities.
If you always lack sleep, it can worsen your health condition. Then, what are the long term effects of sleep deprivation? The following is the information that we will convey to you.
What are the long term effects of sleep deprivation?
Maybe those of you who have super dense activities, of course, it’s not strange to get less sleep.
However, if you always lack sleep in the long run, it can have bad effects on health. What are the effects of sleep deprivation? Check out below.
1. Fatigue and yawning
This is indeed a common thing and you will definitely feel it if you are sleep deprived or have stayed up late.
Humans should need 7-8 hours of sleep every day. If it is not enough, the activity will not run optimally, will be physically weak, and can evaporate all day long. Feeling drowsiness will interfere with working time.
2. Lower memory
Sleep is needed by humans to store short-term memories into the memory of the brain. And during sleep the memory nerve connections will also experience strengthening.
If your sleep time is interrupted, your memory will automatically decrease. Even if too often the effect can make it difficult for someone to process information, even difficult to remember something that happened yesterday (forgetful).
3. Decreased immune system
What do you know if the immune system decreases? Yes, right. You can get sick.
A strong immune system will produce proteins that are good for the body, one of which is cytoxins which are useful for fighting infection, inflammation, and stress.
Cytoxins are produced when our bodies are asleep. So if we sleep less, cytoxin production will decrease.
4. Accelerate premature aging
If a person is sleep deprived, his body will produce more of the hormone cortisol. But these hormones can destroy collagen which functions to maintain a person’s skin health.
So your skin will be damaged, wrinkled, dull, and skin elasticity will decrease, because the collagen you have has been destroyed by the hormone cortisol.
5. Reducing sexual performance
For both men and women, lack of sleep is something that needs to be avoided, especially for married couples. Because lack of sleep can make a person’s sexual performance decrease.
6. Affects heart health
Sleep and heart health are related to one another. Sleep is very influential on the blood vessels and heart.
Where when we sleep, the blood vessels and heart will be repaired again. So don’t be surprised if someone who is always sleep deprived can have heart problems.
What’s worse, if prolonged lack of sleep can make the heart rhythm irregular, it can even trigger heart failure or heart attack.
What are the treatments for sleep deprivation?
The most basic form of sleep deprivation treatment is getting enough sleep, usually 7 to 9 hours each night.
This is often easier said than done, especially if you can’t close your eyes for several weeks or more. After this stage, you may need help from a doctor or sleep specialist who, if needed, can diagnose and treat possible sleep disorders.
Sleep disturbances can make it difficult for you to get quality sleep at night. They can also increase the risk of the above effects of sleep deprivation on the body.
The following are some of the most common types of sleep disorders:
- obstructive sleep apnea
- restless leg syndrome
- circadian rhythm disturbances.
To diagnose this condition, your doctor may order a sleep study. This was usually done in a formal sleep center, but now there are options to measure the quality of your sleep at home too.
If you are diagnosed with a sleep disorder, you may be given medication or a device to keep your airway open at night (in the case of obstructive sleep apnea) to help combat the disorder so you can get a better night’s sleep regularly basic.
What precautions can be done for long term effects of sleep deprivation?
The best way to prevent sleep deprivation is to make sure you are getting enough sleep. Follow the guidelines recommended for your age group, which is 7 to 9 hours for most adults ages 18 to 64.
Other ways to return to a healthy sleep schedule include:
- limiting sleep during the day (or avoiding it altogether)
- refrain from caffeine past midday or at least a few hours before bedtime
- go to bed at the same time every night
- wake up at the same time every morning
- stick to your bedtime schedule during weekends and holidays
- spend an hour before bed doing relaxing activities, such as reading, meditating, or bathing
- avoiding heavy meals in the hours before bedtime
- do not use electronic devices before bed
- exercise regularly, but not at night before bedtime
- reduce alcohol intake.
If you continue to have trouble sleeping at night and struggle with fatigue during the day, talk to your doctor. They can test for underlying health conditions that may be interfering with your sleep schedule.
Well, that’s a bad effect if you always have less sleep. Actually, if you are often sleepy it can endanger your safety as well, for example when you are driving on the road or maybe you faint.
So, from now on you should really be able to divide your time between sleep and activity.