Healthzia – It is undeniable that when we first heard the word mental health, we must have thought about severe mental illnesses, such as mental illness, mental disorders, and so on.
It turns out that not only that, there are many kinds of mental health illnesses, from mild ones such as insomnia to severe ones, namely acute depression.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO) Mental health is a state of well-being in which an individual realizes his or her own abilities, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and is able to make a contribution to his or her community.
How many types of mental health do we experience?
There are many kinds of mental health diseases, but in general and we often experience three, namely:
Stress is a condition when a person experiences very heavy pressure, both emotionally and mentally.
A person who is stressed will usually appear restless, anxious, and irritable. Stress can also interfere with concentration, reduce motivation, and in some cases trigger depression.
Stress can not only affect the psychology of the sufferer, but it can also affect the way they behave and their physical health.
The following are examples of the impact stress has on a person’s behavior:
- Being a loner and reluctant to interact with other people.
- Reluctant to eat or overeat.
- Getting angry, and sometimes anger is hard to control.
- Being a smoker or smoking excessively.
- Excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages.
- Abuse of narcotic drugs.
The following are health problems that can arise from stress:
- Sleep disturbance
- Stomach ache
- Chest pain
- Pain or tension in the muscles
- Decreased sexual desire
- Heart problems
Many factors can cause a person to experience stress, some of which are financial problems, social relationships, or demands at work.
To deal with stress, the key is to identify the root of the problem and find a solution.
Stress management can also be done by implementing the recommended suggestions for good stress management, such as:
- Learn to accept a problem that’s hard to solve or things that can’t be changed.
- Always think positively and see that everything that happens in life has a silver lining.
- Ask for advice from trusted people to solve the problem at hand.
- Learn to control yourself and always be active in finding solutions.
- Engaging in physical activity, meditation, or relaxation techniques to relieve emotional tension and clear your mind.
- Doing new things that are challenging and different than usual to increase self-confidence.
- Set aside time to do things you love.
- Engage in social activities to help others. This method can make a person more resilient in dealing with problems, especially if it can help someone who has a problem that is more severe than hers.
- Avoid negative ways of relieving stress, such as smoking, drinking excess alcohol, or using drugs.
- Work by prioritizing quality not quantity, so that time management is better and life is also more balanced.
2. Anxiety Disorders
Anxiety disorder is a psychological condition when a person experiences excessive anxiety that is continuous and difficult to control, so that it has a negative impact on his daily life.
For some normal people, anxiety usually arises on certain occasions, for example when facing exams at school or a job interview.
However, in people with anxiety disorders, this feeling of anxiety often arises in every situation. That’s why people who experience this condition have a hard time feeling relaxed from time to time.
While the physical symptoms that may accompany anxiety disorders include:
- Hard to sleep
- Body shaking
- Excessive sweating
- Muscles become tense
- Heart beat
- Hard to breathe
- Stomach or head pain
- Mouth feels dry
- Tingling sensation
Although the exact cause of anxiety disorders is not known, several factors are thought to trigger the condition.
Among them are trauma due to intimidation, harassment, and violence in the external environment or family.
Other risk factors are prolonged stress, genes that are passed on from parents, and an imbalance of serotonin and noradrenaline hormones in the brain that control mood.
Depression is a mood disorder that causes sufferers to feel constantly sad.
In contrast to ordinary sadness which generally lasts several days, feelings of sadness with depression can last for weeks or months.
In addition to affecting feelings or emotions, depression can also cause physical problems, change the way people think, and change the way sufferers behave.
It is not uncommon for people with depression to find it difficult to carry out normal daily activities. Even in certain cases, they can hurt themselves and try to kill themselves.
The following are some of the psychological symptoms of someone experiencing depression:
- Lose interest or motivation to do something.
- Constantly feeling sad, even crying continuously.
- Feel very guilty and worry too much.
- Unable to enjoy life because of loss of self-confidence.
- Difficult to make decisions and irritable.
- Not indifferent to other people.
- Have thoughts of hurting yourself or killing yourself.
The following are the possible effects of depression on physical health:
- Sleep disturbance and weakness.
- Talking or moving becomes slower.
- Changes in the menstrual cycle in women.
- Libido drops and constipation appears.
- Appetite decreases or increases dramatically.
- Feeling pain or pain for no reason.
There are various things that can trigger depression, ranging from stressful life events, losing a loved one, feeling lonely, to having a personality that is vulnerable to depression.
In addition, depression experienced by a person can also be caused by suffering from severe and prolonged illness, such as cancer and heart problems, severe head injuries, the effects of consuming excessive alcohol and illegal drugs, to genetic factors in the family.
It is advisable to consult a doctor if you feel the symptoms of depression for more than two weeks and do not go away.
Especially if the symptoms of depression interfere with the process of education, work, and social relationships.
Treatment of depression by doctors will be adjusted to the severity of depression suffered by each patient.
Treatment can take the form of consultation therapy, administration of antidepressants, or a combination of both.