Healthzia – Besides using drugs, there are also other methods for mental illness recovery, namely psychotherapy.
Psychotherapy is one of the most common treatment methods for many mental problems, such as severe stress, depression, and anxiety disorders.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), one in five people has a mental illness. For this reason, psychotherapy may be an alternative for mental illness recovery.
This type of therapy is talk therapy to provide a safe medium for expressing feelings and asking for advice. Psychotherapists can provide assistance by guiding you in how to control your feelings.
Psychotherapy and drug treatments are the most effective means of treating mental illness. Examples of psychotherapy are cognitive behavioral therapy, exposure therapy, dialectical behavior therapy, and so on.
Mental illness recovery condition that requires psychotherapy
Many mistaken assumptions or stigma that someone who is undergoing psychotherapy to a psychologist or psychiatrist indicates that the person has mental disorders or is crazy. In fact, this is not the case.
The following are some of the psychiatric complaints or problems that need to be treated with psychotherapy:
- Feeling very hopeless or sad for several months, for example because of depression.
- Anxiety, fear or excessive worry that causes difficulty in carrying out daily activities or work.
- Changes in mood or extreme mood, for example, suddenly excited or very sad for no apparent reason.
- Begins to exhibit negative behaviors, such as irritability, substance or drug abuse, alcoholism, or overeating.
- Having the idea or desire to commit suicide or to hurt another person.
- Lots of hallucinations.
- Difficulty expressing feelings or feelings like no one else can understand your feelings or problems.
- Having obsessions or habits that are difficult to break, such as tidying and cleaning too often, washing your hands frequently, and going back and forth to the kitchen to check the gas stove repeatedly.
These complaints can occur when a person experiences mental stress or a traumatic event, for example a family member or close friend has passed away, recently lost their job, or has recently been the victim of a disaster or violence.
How many types of psychotherapy are there for mental illness recovery?
There are many psychotherapy methods and techniques employed by psychologists or psychiatrists. The type of therapy to be used is generally adjusted to the patient’s condition and the patient’s response to psychotherapy.
Some types of psychotherapy that are quite often performed include:
1. Cognitive behavioral therapy
Cognitive behavioral therapy aims to evaluate thought patterns, emotions, and behaviors that are the source of problems in the patient’s life. After that, the doctor or psychologist will train the patient to respond to the source of the problem in a positive way.
If the patient used to use drugs or alcoholic drinks to deal with stress in the past, then with this psychotherapy, the patient will be trained to respond to stress with more positive activities.
2. Psychoanalytic and psychodynamic therapy
This type of psychotherapy will lead the patient to look deeper into his subconscious. Patients will be invited to explore various events or problems that have been hidden and unnoticed.
In this way, the patient can understand the meaning of each event he is experiencing. This new understanding will help patients make decisions and deal with various problems.
3. Interpersonal therapy
This type of psychotherapy will guide the patient to evaluate and understand how the patient builds relationships with other people, for example family, spouses, friends, or colleagues.
This therapy will help patients become more sensitive when interacting or resolving conflicts with others.
4. Family therapy
This therapy is carried out by involving family members of the patient, especially if the patient has psychological problems related to family problems.
The goal is that the problems faced by patients can be resolved together and improve the relationship that had fractured between the patient and family.
Hypnotherapy is a psychotherapy technique that uses hypnosis to help patients better control their behavior, emotions, or thought patterns.
In addition, the results of psychotherapy will be different for each individual. Certain types of psychotherapy may be suitable for one patient, but are not necessarily effective when applied to other patients.
Let’s make changes to ourselves consistently, starting from small things like exercising for 15 minutes in the morning and evening so that our bodies will be fresh, and our minds will be happier. So that various kinds of mental illness will not easily attack us.