Health and information – Multiple personality is a condition when a person has two or more personalities that are different from one another. People with this disorder experience personality changes, but this is not realized by the sufferer.
This disorder is characterized by memory, awareness, or personality disorders, which are generally triggered by stress or traumatic events that the person experienced during his childhood.
This form of trauma can be in the form of physical or emotional abuse that occurs repeatedly and causes deep trauma.
Multiple Personality Symptoms
Multiple personality sufferers have at least two different personality types. When one personality is being lived, the sufferer does not remember that he has another personality, and vice versa.
These different personalities can be followed by different identities. For example, a different gender or a different name. These personality changes are generally caused by events that remind the sufferer of traumatic events that have been experienced by him.
As a result of these personality disorders and memory disorders, people with multiple personalities often experience disturbances in their relationships with those around them. In addition, people with multiple personalities can also experience several other symptoms, namely:
- Mood swings
- Derealization, namely feeling the surroundings that are not real
- Sleep disturbance
- Depersonalization, namely the feeling of being separated from the body and mind itself
- Have suicidal thoughts
Causes and Risk Factors for Multiple Personality
Multiple personalities are always caused, preceded by, or preceded by a certain psychological trauma. Trauma can be in the form of accidents, natural disasters, sexual harassment, or other acts of violence.
In an effort to cope with traumatic events that are experienced, unconsciously, the brain of a person with multiple personalities tries to separate these bad memories from normal everyday life, which in medical terms is usually called dissociation. This dissociation mechanism gives rise to multiple personality symptoms.
Multiple Personality Diagnosis
A mental health specialist or psychiatrist will first diagnose multiple personalities by conducting a complete medical interview and a thorough physical examination. Furthermore, the psychiatrist will determine whether the symptoms experienced by the sufferer occur due to diseases in the brain or side effects of certain drugs.
To find out, you can do a CT scan or MRI, as well as blood tests. If no disease is found, the psychiatrist will conduct interviews and observations to confirm multiple personality, so that the diagnosis of multiple personality will be determined through a long examination process.
Multiple Personality Prevention
Prevention of multiple personalities is to avoid the trigger factor, namely psychological stress. Efforts that can be done are to deal with and manage stress properly. If a person has difficulty managing stress, they can seek help from a psychologist or psychiatrist if needed.
Multiple Personality Medicine
The goal of multiple personality treatment is to unite the different personalities into one personality type only. Thus, sufferers are expected to be able to return to their duties in daily life properly.
To achieve this goal, the treatment carried out must be able to help sufferers of multiple personalities to become aware of the psychological stress they are experiencing.
Next, practice accepting and then work on coping with it with the help of a psychiatrist. Several methods of treatment that can be done include:
- Cognitive behavior therapy. This therapy is carried out by means of discussions between psychiatrists and sufferers of multiple personalities, which aims to change the patient’s mindset and behavior.
- Family therapy. In this therapy, families are involved to understand the signs that the sufferer will change his personality, to help control and calm the sufferer.
- Art therapy. Art therapy can take the form of painting, singing, music, and so on, which aims to help sufferers explore their thoughts and feelings. This therapy can also be tailored to the needs of the sufferer.
- Anti-depressant drugs. These drugs can be used to help relieve symptoms experienced by sufferers, but not as a core therapy for dealing with multiple personalities.
If there are family members or relatives who show symptoms as mentioned above, or suddenly behave abnormally, they can be immediately consulted with a psychiatrist or psychologist for more intensive treatment. Do proper handling and prevention, so that it doesn’t get worse and things don’t happen.
Articles quoted from various sources which we summarize into this article.