Health and information – Obsessive compulsive behavior is a condition that displays unreasonable patterns of thoughts and fears (obsessions) that cause you to engage in repetitive (compulsive) behaviors. This is a psychological behavior that affects the mind and behavior of the sufferer.
Once a person has obsessive compulsive behavior disease, unwanted thoughts and fears will appear continuously, causing the sufferer to obsess over something and do certain actions repeatedly in response to his fear.
For example, checking repeatedly whether they have locked the door or not. Obsessive compulsive behavior sufferers may be able to ignore these thoughts, but this will only make them feel anxious and depressed so that they eventually have to do something to release the pressure.
Obsessive compulsive behavior often centers on a particular theme, for example, the fear of being contaminated by germs. To overcome this fear, you wash your hands repeatedly until your hands feel sore and cracked.
This disease often appears when they are under 20 years of age, especially in those who have experienced stressful events in their life. These symptoms can often be resolved but cannot be eliminated. For further information please contact your doctor.
What are the signs and symptoms of someone suffering from this disease?
Signs and symptoms experienced by sufferers of this disease are usually in the form of obsessive and compulsive behavior that is not caused by drug use or other conditions. A person may only experience obsessive or compulsive symptoms.
When you have this disease, you may not realize that your obsessions and compulsions are excessive or unreasonable. However, this condition will take up a lot of time and interfere with your daily routine, social functions, or work.
A. Obsession symptoms
Quoted from the Mayo Clinic, obsessive compulsive disorder is a condition of thoughts, urges, or images that appear repeatedly, continuously and unwanted. This can be annoying and cause stress or anxiety.
You can try to ignore it or get rid of it by engaging in compulsive behavior. This obsession usually gets in the way when you try to think or do something else.
Obsessions often come with themes, such as:
- Fear of contamination or dirt
- Requires orderly and symmetrical things
- Aggressive or terrible thoughts about hurting yourself or others
- Unwanted thoughts, including sexual or religious subjects.
Obsession signs and symptoms include:
- Fear of being contaminated by touching objects that others have touched
- Doubt that you have locked the door or turned off the stove
- Intense stress when objects are untidy or facing in a certain direction
- The thought of hurting yourself or others
- Thoughts about shouting profanity or acting inappropriately that are unwanted and make you uncomfortable
- Avoid situations that can trigger an obsession, such as shaking hands
- Annoyed by unpleasant sexual images repeating itself in your mind.
B. Compulsive symptoms
Obsessive compulsive behavior is a repetitive behavior that makes you feel like you have to. These repetitive mental actions are meant to prevent or reduce the anxiety caused by your obsession.
This attitude is exaggerated and often does not directly relate to the problem you are trying to fix.
Like obsession, compulsiveness usually has themes, such as:
- Washing and cleaning
- Follow a strict routine
- Demanding bail
Examples of compulsive signs and symptoms are:
- Wash your hands until your skin becomes raw
- Checked the door repeatedly to make sure it was locked
- Check the stove repeatedly to make sure it’s dead
- Count in a certain pattern
- Silently repeat a prayer, word, or phrase
- Organize your canned goods.
Obsessive compulsive behavior is a condition that usually starts in adolescence. Symptoms usually start gradually and tend to vary throughout your life.
Symptoms usually get worse when you experience greater stress. Obsessive compulsive disorder is a condition usually considered a lifelong disorder, which can have mild to moderate or very severe symptoms.
When should you see a doctor?
You need to consult a doctor if:
- Obsessive compulsive disorder can greatly affect your life
- Accompanied by physical symptoms such as chest pain, palpitations, or even having thoughts of committing murder or even suicide.
What causes obsessive compulsive behavior?
So far, scientists have been unable to pinpoint the exact cause of obsessive compulsive disorder. Several factors may influence the emergence of this disease, including:
- Psychological development
- Head injury
- Functional disorders of several parts of the brain.
What can increase the risk of contracting this disease?
Factors that increase your risk of developing this disease include:
- Family history, parents or family members who have obsessive compulsive disorder will increase the risk of their child developing the same disease
- Some traumatic events that make you feel emotionally stressed can increase your risk of developing OCD.
- Other mental health disorders. Obsessive compulsive disorder is a condition that can be associated with other mental conditions, such as anxiety disorders, depression, substance abuse or tic disorders.
The information presented cannot be used as medical advice, you should still consult a doctor.
What medications need to be done?
Obsessive compulsive disorder can be treated with a combination of therapy and cognitive behavioral therapy.
A. Drug administration
Your doctor may prescribe medications to control mental obsessions and compulsive behaviors. Usually, antidepressants or stress-reducing drugs are the first choice, including:
- Clomipramine (Anafranil);
- Fluvoxamine (Luvox CR);
- Fluoxetine (Prozac);
- Paroxetine (Paxil, Pexeva);
- Sertraline (Zoloft);
These drugs are generally used in higher doses for obsessive compulsive behavior than for depression. It may take up to three months for results to appear.
Half of all people with this disease do not take the drugs alone. Often, these drugs are taken together with atypical antipsychotic drugs.
B. Cognitive behavioral therapy
If you often have negative thoughts, this can make you suffer from mental disorders in the long run. Cognitive therapy can help you discover the subconscious habits that cause these thoughts to occur.
Cognitive-behavioral therapy is an effective method for treating obsessive compulsive disorder. This therapy is a type of psychotherapy that aims to help individuals change the way they think, feel, and behave. This refers to the two treatments below:
1. Exposure and response prevention (ERP)
Exposure referred to here is exposure to situations and objects that trigger fear and anxiety. Over time, the anxiety generated by these obsessive cues diminishes. Finally, this treatment relieves anxiety.
Response prevention refers to the rituals performed by sufferers of this disease to reduce anxiety. This treatment helps people learn to resist the urge to perform these rituals.
2. Cognitive therapy
People who participate in this type of therapy aim to eliminate compulsive behavior. This is done by identifying and re-evaluating their beliefs about their involvement in compulsive behavior.
Can obsessive compulsive behavior be detected?
Doctors usually diagnose this disease based on the symptoms you describe. They will conduct a clinical examination to reduce the cause of the symptoms.
Doctors can also conduct psychological evaluations through psychological assessment methods, such as assessing the patient’s mental status through appearance, attitude, thoughts, moods, fears, hallucinations, drug abuse addiction, and the possibility of committing violence or even suicide.
What are some lifestyle changes or home remedies that can be done to treat obsessive compulsive behavior?
Lifestyle and home remedies that can help you deal with obsessive compulsive disorder include:
- Talk to your doctor if symptoms get worse or worsen over a period of time.
- Talk to your doctor if you experience new symptoms or if you feel discomfort while taking a medication that is given.
- Do light exercise.
- Take medicine that has been given by the doctor even though you feel better. Stopping the drug can bring back symptoms of obsessive compulsive disorder.
- Consult your doctor before consuming certain drugs or foods.
If you have other questions, consult your doctor to find the best solution for your disease.
That’s a little information we can convey about this. Hopefully this can be useful for all of us, thank you very much.