healthzia – Postpartum Depression is when a mother feels sadness, guilt, and other common forms of depression for a long time after giving birth.
This is often due to the birth of the baby itself. The birth of a baby can provide a strong emotional and emotional boost, from pleasure and happiness to fear. This surge in emotions from happiness to sadness and fear plays a role in Postpartum Depression.
Postpartum Depression Has Some Risks
Postpartum Depression often occurs in mothers who have had children for the first time. However, it does not rule out the next child. The following risk factors can increase the risk of Postpartum Depression, namely:
- Previous history of depressive disorders.
- History of bipolar disorder.
- History of postpartum depression in a previous pregnancy.
- Experiencing severe events in the past year which disturbed emotionally and psychologically.
- Babies have special needs or special circumstances.
- Twins, or triplet pregnancies that require more attention.
- Difficulty in breastfeeding.
- Having problems with your partner.
- Financial problems just before childbirth.
- Unwanted or unplanned pregnancy.
Postpartum Depression Is Causes Of
There is no single cause for Postpartum Depression. However, psychological problems as well as changes in physical conditions have a role in Postpartum Depression.
- Physical changes. After childbirth, there are very large hormonal changes in the female body (especially the female hormones estrogen and progesterone). Other body hormones, such as those produced by the thyroid, also undergo changes as a result of these changes. One of the thyroid hormones plays a role in providing mood changes after childbirth.
- Psychic problems. Having a baby (especially for the first time) often causes the mother to become anxious and insecure about her ability to care for the newborn. This prolonged feeling can cause the mother to fall into a state of depression.
Postpartum Depression Has Symptoms
Before reaching Postpartum Depression, there is a condition called baby blues syndrome, which is a disorder of mood changes after childbirth. Post partum depression has symptoms similar to that of the baby blues syndrome, with a longer duration and more severe intensity, such as:
- Mood change disorders.
- Emotionally sensitive to something.
- Feel guilty.
- Crying excessively.
- Decreased concentration.
- Eating disorders.
- Sleep disturbance, difficulty sleeping (insomnia) or sleeping too much.
- Away from family.
- Difficulty caring for babies.
Postpartum Depression And Its Diagnose
The diagnosis is made after the doctor observes the symptoms felt by the mother through in-depth interview sessions conducted by the doctor. During the observation process the doctor may:
- Provide a questionnaire to fill out, related to perceived depressive symptoms
- Blood tests to find out if there are hormonal disorders that can underlie the complaints that arise.
Postpartum Depression Turns Out To Have Complications
If not handled properly, Postpartum Depression can disrupt the relationship between the child and the mother and cause problems in the family.
- For mother. Untreated and untreated postpartum depression can last for months. This increases the risk of the mother developing chronic depressive disorder and other major depressive episodes.
- For father. Postpartum depression can have lasting effects in the family. Mothers with postpartum depression can increase the risk of depression in fathers.
- For children. Children with mothers who experience postpartum depression may have emotional and behavioral disorders, such as eating and sleeping disorders, crying easily, and delays in speaking.
Postpartum Depression And Its Treatment
Treatment of Postpartum Depression often involves psychotherapy or using drugs, or even both.
- Psychotherapy. A session where mom and maybe dad can meet with a psychiatrist or psychologist and discuss all the issues that underlie the depression. Psychotherapy aims to find a way how to address a problem, so that it does not cause a burden to the mother.
- Antidepressant drugs. Antidepressant drugs can be given by a doctor if needed. Although they pass into breast milk, most antidepressants do not cause side effects for babies.
Postpartum Depression And How To Prevent It
If you have a previous history of psychiatric disorders such as anxiety or depression, notify your doctor immediately during routine pregnancy checks.
- During pregnancy, the doctor will observe the symptoms and signs of depression. During pregnancy some mothers have a tendency to have mild depression.
- After the baby is born. After the baby is born the doctor will recommend routine checks to find out if there are signs of depression or baby blues syndrome.
You should see a doctor immediately if you find signs and symptoms of Postpartum Depression. It is very important to contact a doctor immediately if the symptoms do not go away in two weeks, the symptoms get worse, the more difficult it is to care for the baby, the more difficult it is to do daily work, and have thoughts of harming the baby.
Also Read: Signs Of Depression
That’s an explanation of the Postpartum Depression. Hopefully it can be useful for all of you. Thank you very much.