Mental health information – Psychotherapy is a common treatment method for treating various mental problems, such as severe stress, depression, and anxiety disorders. Then what is the most effective psychotherapy treatment depression to do? Check out the explanation below.
Psychotherapy is one of the most frequent treatment steps used by psychiatrists and psychologists to deal with emotional disorders or psychological problems experienced by patients.
In addition, psychotherapy can also be done to overcome behavioral problems, such as tantrums and addictive behavior or dependence on certain things, such as drugs, alcohol, gambling, and pornography.
Through psychotherapy, a psychologist or psychiatrist will guide and train patients to learn to recognize the conditions, feelings, and thoughts that cause complaints and help patients to form positive behaviors towards the problem at hand.
Thus, it is hoped that patients will be better able to control themselves and better respond to difficult situations.
Conditions Requiring Psychotherapy
There are many incorrect assumptions or stigma that a person undergoing psychotherapy to a psychologist or psychiatrist indicates that the person has mental disorders or is insane. In fact, this is not the case.
Psychotherapy is intended for anyone who realizes that he has a psychological problem or is at high risk of mental illness and intends to seek help to overcome the problem.
The following are some of the psychiatric complaints or problems that need to be treated with psychotherapy:
- Feeling tremendous hopelessness or sadness for several months, for example because of depression.
- Anxious, fearful or excessive worry that causes difficulty in carrying out daily activities or work.
- Changes in mood or extreme mood, for example, suddenly excited or very sad for no apparent reason.
- Begins to exhibit negative behaviors, such as irritability, substance or drug abuse, alcoholism, or overeating.
- Having the idea or desire to commit suicide or to hurt another person.
- Have hallucinations.
- Difficulty expressing feelings or feeling that no one else can understand the feelings or problems you are having.
- Having obsessions or habits that are difficult to break, such as tidying and cleaning too often, washing your hands many times, and going back and forth to the kitchen to check the gas stove repeatedly.
These complaints can occur when someone experiences mental stress or a traumatic event, for example after a divorce, a family member or close friend has died, recently lost their job, or has recently been a victim of disaster or violence.
Apart from traumatic events, some of the above symptoms may also be caused by certain mental disorders, such as dissociative identity disorder (multiple personalities), depression, personality disorders, bipolar disorder, PTSD, anxiety disorders, and schizophrenia.
The most effective psychotherapy treatment depression
There are many psychotherapy methods and techniques employed by psychologists or psychiatrists. The type of therapy to be used is generally adjusted to the patient’s condition and the patient’s response to psychotherapy.
Some types of psychotherapy that are quite often performed include:
Sigmund Freud developed psychoanalysis, a model of human personality development due to emotional stress. This has to do with memories of traumatic things from past experiences.
One of the goals of therapy is to reshape individual character structures by making the patient aware of things he has not been aware of.
2. Psychodynamic therapy
Psychodynamic therapy is designed to help patients explore their various emotions through speech, speak freely about whatever is going on in their mind, including their unconscious feelings. Psychodynamic therapy helps people understand how their behavior and moods are affected by unresolved issues.
3. Cognitive therapy
Negative thinking patterns can cause and influence depression and anxiety. Cognitive therapy aims to change that thinking. During treatment, you will learn how to recognize harmful or irrational thoughts and replace them with more constructive ones.
Cognitive therapy is directed at solving problems immediately. Your therapist may ask you to track your moods or practice new ways of thinking.
4. Behavioral therapy
Because cognitive therapy targets negative thoughts, behavioral therapy can help you deal with the problem by changing your behavior. For example, one common technique for treating anxiety disorders and phobias is ‘desensitization’, in which a patient is gradually asked to imagine situations that trigger anxiety as a way to make them more comfortable. Behavioral therapy is often paired with cognitive therapy.
5. Interpersonal therapy
Are interpersonal conflicts and a lack of social support causing your depression? If so, interpersonal therapy may be right for you. In interpersonal therapy, patients closely examine their relationships with family, friends, coworkers, and significant others, with the aim of resolving interpersonal conflicts, improving communication, and building a more solid support network.
6. Experiential or experience
In this type of treatment, you will learn to distinguish healthy emotional responses from false or dangerous responses. Experiential therapy is characterized by a supportive and empathic relationship that the therapist strengthens his relationship with the patient.
If the person being treated feels understood and feels the warmth of the therapist, these factors seem to be a big part of making people better.
7. Online therapy
Now you can find therapy on the Web. You can use instant messaging or set up video calling services such as Skype, to interact with your therapist as you would in person. This may be especially helpful if you don’t have transportation, live in a rural area, or are unable to visit a therapist’s office.