Health and information – Almost everyone has experienced stress. However, many people also feel they are depressed. Actually, what is stress and depression? here’s the information for you.
Stress is normal and can be good for you in certain situations. When you are under stress, for example because of a pile of work, you will be more motivated to focus on problems and improve performance.
However, you need to be careful because if you are too stressed, you could become depressed. Even in some cases, depression can appear without being preceded by stress.
To the layman, stress and depression seem similar at first sight. In fact, both have fundamental differences, so their handling will be different.
Therefore, it is important for you to recognize the difference between stress and depression in order to prevent unwanted things in the future.
Stress is good for you. It keeps you alert, motivated, and primed to respond to danger. As anyone facing work deadlines or competing in sports knows, stress moves the body in response, increasing performance.
However, too much stress, or chronic stress, can cause major depression in vulnerable people.
Know the difference between stress and depression
Recognizing the difference between stress and depression can help you recognize the mental stress you are experiencing. Here is the information we can share for you:
A. What is stress?
Stress is the body’s reaction to a dangerous situation, or something that is real and feels.
When under stress, your body will read a threat or attack. The body will release various hormones and chemical substances, such as adrenaline, cortisol, and norepinephrine.
The release of these hormones and chemical compounds prepares the body for physical action. This causes a number of physical reactions that include an increase in heart rate, faster breathing, muscle tension and a rise in blood pressure.
The stress of stress can push you to be even more motivated to face challenges, but it can also discourage you. The reason is, each person has a different mechanism for dealing with stress.
Some people will get used to it and be better able to cope with stress than others. However, if it is not dealt with, stress can lead to depression.
B. What is depression?
Depression is a mental illness that has a negative impact on various aspects of the sufferer’s life. Starting from mood, feelings, stamina, appetite, sleep patterns, to concentration levels.
A depressed person may feel sad and fail, easily tire, lose enthusiasm or motivation, or even want to commit suicide. This condition must be handled with care so as not to have bad consequences.
What are the symptoms of stress that you must know?
Everyone will experience different stress symptoms. In general, however, the following conditions can be a sign of stress:
- Have a headache
- Indigestion, including nausea, diarrhea, or constipation
- Difficulty sleeping or insomnia
- Feeling as if you are losing control and overwhelmed
- Avoiding other people, even closest friends and family
- Anxious, frustrated, and moody easily
- Difficulty concentrating.
What are the symptoms of depression that need to be watched out for?
Depression symptoms can also vary in each sufferer. But you have to be aware of this. Look for the following indications of depression:
- Avoiding other people, including close friends
- Eat less or more than usual
- Experiencing sleep disturbances, for example not being able to sleep or even the duration of sleep is longer than usual
- Hurting yourself
- No longer enjoying things that were usually interesting and fun, for example, reluctance to do hobbies
- Often think about death
- Has suicidal thoughts
- Feeling helpless and hopeless
- Loss of self-confidence and self-esteem
- Always feeling anxious
- Difficulty concentrating.
How to prevent stress and depression in everyday life?
To prevent stress and depression, there are actually many ways you can do. For the easiest and can be done at home are the following:
- Exercise regularly
- Implementing a balanced diet
- Limit consumption of caffeine and alcohol
- Doing relaxation techniques, such as yoga and meditation
- Doing things and activities that are fun.
Stress generally doesn’t need to be treated with medication from a doctor. But it’s a different story if the patient has a mental illness that triggers stress. For example, anxiety disorders.
Meanwhile, when you are depressed, a psychiatrist will generally give you antidepressant drugs. There are different types of antidepressants available. Therefore, you should consult with your doctor to find the type of antidepressant that suits your condition.
If antidepressants alone are less effective at treating depression, your doctor may prescribe other types of medication. It is important to know that depression medications must be taken according to the dosage and length of time recommended by your doctor.
In addition to taking medication, people with depression also need to undergo psychotherapy with a psychologist or psychiatrist. Patients can also be advised to undergo cognitive-behavioral therapy.
That’s the information we can share about stress and depression. Hopefully it can be useful for all who read it.
Don’t forget to always adopt a healthy lifestyle in our family, and don’t forget to always eat nutritious foods so that the body remains fit and fresh, so that various diseases do not easily attack us.