Health and Information – Trypophobia is an excessive fear of holes in adjacent surfaces. Both inanimate or living objects such as the skin of the hands, tongue, and other parts of the human body.
Therefore Trypophobia many call it a ‘perforated hand skin disease’, even though this term is not quite right.
We need to know, that in the world of psychology, phobias are excessive and unnatural fears of certain things or phenomena. Depending on the feared object, there are many types of phobias.
Trypophobia disease itself comes from the Greek language, trýpa, which means “hole” and Phobos, which means “fear”.
So people who experience these conditions will feel scared, anxious, even to the point that physical symptoms such as nausea or itching appear when they see a lot of hollow objects. For example bee hives, lotus flower seeds, bone marrow, sponges and so on.
The term Trypophobia is believed to be first made by participants in an online forum in 2005. The problem is relatively new and the world’s psychologists are still debating whether trypophobia can be used as a stand-alone diagnosis.
What causes trypophobia?
There are several theories behind the causes of trypophobia. In a paper, Paul Hibbard and Arnold J Wilkins suspect that the disgust or fear that arises after seeing this random circle picture occurs because instincts instruct them as much as possible to avoid lingering at the strange picture.
Both researchers argue that the brain that is overwhelmed by observing random and contrasting shapes will require more oxygen to be able to process information.
The brain uses about 20% of the body’s energy, and the use of its energy needs to be kept to a minimum. Excessive oxygen intake can make brain waves so chaotic, so that the nerves of your brain can not work properly. As a result you will actually feel a headache, nausea, dizziness, and anxiety.
Well, trypophobia works like an automatic self-defense so you don’t experience these things. The brain associates these holes with danger.
The cause of trypophobia may be based on fear of contracting the diseaseThe findings above were further strengthened by a collaborative study between Tom Kupfer, a graduate researcher in psychology at the University of Kent in England, and his co-author An Trong Dinh Le, who is a doctor of psychology at the University of Essex.
They both reported that intense anxiety or panic after seeing soap bubbles or small holes in the dishwashing sponge might be related to fear of being infected with parasites and infectious diseases.
Indeed, many infectious diseases produce nodules, bumps, or random rounded editions of the skin – for example smallpox, measles, rubella, scarlet fever, and parasitic infections such as mites and ticks.
“Pathogens and parasites have become one of the main threats to humans and animals throughout the evolution of the world,” Kupfer told Live Science, so avoiding them would reduce the chance of getting sick. “Disgust reactions have long been recognized as the most obvious instincts of human adaptation to avoid disease,” he said.
Most people have adapted to be able to recognize that there is no real danger from this random circle pattern, but for trypophobe – a term for people who have trypophobia – fear, disgust, and panic are voluntary reflex reactions that they cannot control.