What Causes Mental Illness That You Should Know?

what causes mental illness

Healthzia – Many people experience problems in their mental health due to various life problems. If not treated immediately, this condition is at risk of developing into mental illness. So what are the causes of mental illness?

Mental illness, also called mental health disorder, refers to a variety of mental health conditions, namely disorders that affect your mood, thinking, and behavior. Examples of mental illness include depression, anxiety disorders, schizophrenia, eating disorders, and addictive behaviors.

The characteristics of people who experience mental illness can vary depending on the type.

However, in general, people who experience mental disorders can be identified from certain symptoms, such as very drastic mood changes from very sad to very happy or vice versa, excessive fear, withdrawal from social life, often feeling very angry to like to do something. . violence, and experience delusions.

Sometimes, this symptom is also accompanied by physical problems, such as headaches, backaches, stomach pain, or other pain that cannot be explained.

What is categorized as mental illness?

There are many health conditions that can be categorized as mental illness.

Each group can be further divided into more specific types.

Here are some conditions that often occur:

1. Anxiety disorders

A person experiencing anxiety disorder responds to certain objects or situations with feelings of fear, panic, sweating, and a faster heart rate.

It is called a disorder if the symptoms they cannot control and have disturbed their daily lives.

Anxiety disorders can also take the form of a phobia to certain situations, social anxiety disorder, or panic disorder.

Some people also have phobias of specific things, such as phobia of blood, water (drowning), and phobia of heights.

2. Personality disorders

People with personality disorders generally have extreme and rigid characters who tend to be incompatible with social habits, such as being anti-social or paranoid.

3. Affective or mood disorders

A person with a mood disorder may continue to feel sad, feel too happy for a period of time, or have fluctuating feelings of very happy and very sad.

The most common forms of this condition are bipolar disorder, depression, and cyclomytic disorder, in which there is a change in mood from happy to sad but to a mild degree.

4. Inability to control desire disorders

People with this disorder cannot resist their inner urge to do things that actually harm themselves or others.

Mental disorders included in this group include kleptomania (the urge to steal small items), piromania (like to light a fire), addiction to alcohol and illegal drugs.

5. Psychotic disorders

This disorder confuses human mind and consciousness.

Hallucinations and delusions are the two most common symptomatic forms of this condition.

People experiencing hallucinations feel they see or hear sounds that are not real.

Meanwhile, delusions are untrue things that are believed by the sufferer to be true, for example, delusions of pursuit, where the sufferer feels followed by someone.

The best-known example of a psychotic disorder is schizophrenia.

6. Eating disorders

Sufferers experience changes in behavior, habits, and emotions related to weight and diet.

The most common example of this disorder is anorexia nervosa, in which the sufferer refuses to eat and has an abnormal fear of gaining weight.

Another example is bulimia nervosa, where the sufferer eats too much and then vomits it on purpose.

There is also a condition of binge-eating, or a condition when a person eats large amounts of food continuously and feels unable to stop but is not accompanied by regurgitating food.

7. obsessive-compulsive disorder / OCD

The mind of a person with OCD is constantly filled with fear or disturbing thoughts known as obsessiveness.

This condition makes them perform “rituals” repeatedly, which is called compulsive.

An example is people who constantly wash their hands because they are overly afraid of germs or viruses.

8. post-traumatic stress disorder / PTSD

PTSD is a mental disorder that occurs after a person experiences a traumatic event, such as sexual abuse, or a natural disaster.

9. Stress response syndrome or adjustment disorder

That is when a person becomes emotional and experiences a change in behavior after being under pressure, such as a crisis, natural disaster, loss of job.

Sometimes, this disorder can make a person perform deviant behavior.

10. Dissociative disorders

Sufferers have severe disturbances in identity, memory, and awareness of themselves and their environment.

This disorder is often known as multiple personality.

11. Sex and gender disorders

Disorders that affect sexual arousal and behavior, such as paraphilia and gender identity disorder.

12 Somatoform disorders

Experiencing pain or pain in his limbs, even though the doctor did not find any medical problems.

Then what causes mental illness?

The cause of mental illness is often unknown. Mental illness can be motivated by various things.

Generally due to genetic factors, environmental factors, or a combination of various factors, including:

  • Natural chemical compounds in the brain called neurotransmitters carry messages to parts of the body and brain. These changes in chemical reactions can impact mood and many aspects of mental health.
  • Have a blood family with a history of mental illness. Certain genes can increase a person’s risk of developing mental illness.
  • Exposure to viruses, toxins, alcohol, and drugs while in the womb can be linked to causes of mental illness.
  • Experiencing a traumatic event, such as being a victim of a natural disaster.
  • Using illegal drugs.
  • Live a life full of stress, such as financial difficulties, or grief because of a family member who has died.
  • Experiencing chronic diseases, such as cancer.
  • Have brain damage.
  • Having few or no friends, and feeling alone.
  • Never experienced mental illness before.

The above are risk factors that can make a person more likely to suffer from mental illness.

Find a solution as soon as possible, if you or the people around you experience one or more of the conditions above.

Immediately contact the nearest doctor to get a more effective treatment of various kinds of what causes mental illness.

That’s the bit of information I can give you. Hopefully it can be useful for you and those closest to you.

Reference: Mayo Clinic (2015). Mental illness, WebMD (2016). Causes of Mental Illness

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