Healthzia – Maybe we often hear the word schizophrenia in everyday life. Then what is schizophrenia itself? Here’s the explanation.
As quoted from wikipedia, it is stated that Schizophrenia is a psychiatric disorder characterized by continuous or relapsing episodes of psychosis.
Schizophrenia is a chronic mental illness that causes disruption of thought processes. People with schizophrenia cannot tell the difference between fantasy and reality.
This disease also causes sufferers to not have the ability to think, remember, or understand certain problems.
Paranoid schizophrenia is one of the most common types of schizophrenia in society. The most typical symptoms of paranoid schizophrenia are delusions and hallucinations.
That’s why people with paranoid schizophrenia tend to hear voices in their mind and see things that aren’t real.
Not only that, paranoid schizophrenics also often show chaotic behavior that causes them to be unable to control their behavior. As a result, paranoid schizophrenics often behave inappropriately, have difficulty controlling their emotions, desires, and desires.
In general, what is schizophrenia is a chronic psychiatric disorder that requires prolonged treatment to relieve symptoms.
As many as 1 in 100 people, or about 1 percent of the world’s population, is affected by this disease. Schizophrenia is a disease that can affect both men and women from 16-30 years of age. However, in most cases, this disease affects male patients more often than women.
What are the features and signs of scizophrenia?
The symptoms of schizophrenia vary based on their type and severity. Even so, there are some of the most typical symptoms of which:
- Hallucinations. People with paranoid schizophrenia often hear, see, smell, or feel things that are not real. Most often they hear a clear voice from a stranger or a stranger. This voice may tell the sufferer to do something uncomfortable, such as commit suicide or kill someone else.
- Delusions. People with paranoid schizophrenia may also have strong beliefs about something that is wrong, such as feeling that other people want to hurt or kill them. The symptoms of schizophrenia will have a direct impact on the sufferer’s behavior.
- Chaotic thoughts and confusing speech. People with this condition often have difficulty organizing their thoughts. They may not understand what you are talking about when you talk to them. Not only that, when they talk, they often make speech that is unacceptable and sounds confusing.
- Difficulty concentrating. Messy thoughts make it difficult for people with this condition to concentrate or focus on one thing.
- Movement is different. Some people with this condition often appear restless. Often they do the same movements over and over again. Even so, sometimes they can also be silent for hours (catatonic).
Other symptoms of schizophrenia can also include:
- Lack of interest in things that were once well-liked.
- Don’t care about cleanliness and personal appearance.
- Withdrawal from social circles, such as friends and family.
- Difficulty sleeping or altered sleep patterns.
- Very sensitive and has a depressed mood.
- Not responsive to the surrounding environment.
- Lack of motivation in living life, including to build relationships with other people.
- Conflict on the mind, it’s hard to make a decision
- Difficulty expressing and showing emotions.
- Fear of crowded public places.
- Paranoia, such as excessive anxiety, believes that he has special abilities or has certain diseases that are not present in him.
What is schizophrenia cuases ?
Until now, experts do not know what causes a person to experience mental illness. Even so, researchers believe that there are several things that can trigger this disease. Some of the things that can cause schizophrenia are:
- Chemical compounds in the brain. Imbalanced levels of seratonin and dopamine in the brain are believed to be the cause of this disease.
- Differences in brain structure. Brain nerve scanning studies show differences in the brain structure and central nervous system of people with this disease.
- Genetic. This disease may run in families. So, if one of your nuclear families gets this disease, you are at high risk of experiencing the same thing.
- Environmental factor. Affected by a viral infection and lack of some nutrients while still in the womb.
- Certain drugs. Abuse of illegal drugs such as narcotics.
Who is at risk for schizophrenia?
Some things that can increase your risk of developing schizophrenia are:
- Have a family affected by this disease. If you have a family, especially parents or siblings with this disease, your risk is 10 times higher than that of other people.
- Viral infection, poisoning, and malnutrition during pregnancy, especially during the first 6 months of pregnancy.
- Having a father who was old when you were born.
- Using inhibitors or nerve stimulation at an early age.
- Have an autoimmune disease.
Apart from the things that have been mentioned above, it turns out that stress also has the potential to cause a person to experience schizophrenia. Many things can cause a person to become stressed, for example financial problems, household, work, and so on.
How to treat schizophrenia?
ALWAYS consult your doctor. The information provided is not a substitute for medical advice.
People with this condition are usually treated by experienced psychiatrists and psychologists. In many cases, care in a mental hospital is necessary to ensure hygiene, nutrition and patient safety. In general, some of the treatment options for schizophrenia are:
1. Schizophrenia drugs
Medicines play an important role in helping control the symptoms of sicozophrenia. The most commonly prescribed schizophrenia drugs are antipsychotics. Antipsychotic drugs work by affecting the neurotransmitters dopamine and serotonin in the brain, which can help relieve symptoms of schizophrenia.
This schizophrenia drug can be used by mouth or by injection. If the patient develops symptoms that are classified as mild so that they are easily manageable, the doctor will give oral schizophrenia medication.
Your doctor may also prescribe other medications, such as antidepressants or anti-anxiety medications. Always consult your doctor about the benefits and side effects of any medication that is being prescribed to prevent serious complications.
2. Cognitive therapy
Psychiatric illness often occurs because patients have a concept of thought that is not built on logic, over a long period of time. The doctor will suggest cognitive therapy to help the patient find the unconscious habits that cause this disease.
Then, there will be behavioral therapy and psychological training to correct these wrong thoughts. When these negative thoughts diminish and your cognitive level returns to normal (memory ability to solve problems), this is a sign that symptoms have resolved.
Your doctor may prescribe a daily antineurotic to prevent symptoms such as delusions and paranoia. Additionally, your doctor may use psycho-social medication for the patient. Psychosocial medicine is a counseling therapy that supports daily activities and community activities.
What can be done at home to treat schizophrenia?
Lifestyle and home remedies that may help you deal with schizophrenia include:
- Take your medicine every day as prescribed by your doctor.
- When hallucinations occur, try to ignore them by focusing on something else, such as reading a book, listening to music, praying, or talking to friends.
- Participate in recommended programs or activities. Consider joining a social worker support group.
- Avoid alcohol because alcohol can block the effects of schizophrenia drugs.
- Don’t let family members who have this disease feel depressed. Stress, lack of sleep, an unbalanced diet, and caffeine can cause symptoms to recur.
- Call your doctor if you or your family hear voices, feel paranoid or have strange thoughts.
- Call your doctor if you or a member of your family is sleep deprived, looks depressed, or has suicidal feelings.
- Do not use illegal schizophrenia drugs.
- Do not take over-the-counter schizophrenia medications without your doctor’s knowledge.
Prevention of Schizophrenia
Until recently, special precautions for psychiatric disorders in schizophrenia were not available. However, of course the risk factors for schizophrenia can be carried out with an early diagnosis if there are family members who have indications of schizophrenia symptoms.
Family harmony is also an important thing to maintain, and doing positive activities and regular exercise is also beneficial for maintaining one’s mental health.
If someone is diagnosed with schizophrenia, medication and a doctor’s prescription will be very useful. This of course aims to prevent the symptoms of schizophrenia from getting worse.