Healthzia – In everyday life, we cannot be separated from psychology, and sports are no exception. Then what is sports psychology itself and what are the benefits? The following is the information for you, our loyal readers.
Psychology studies the human psyche and their daily behavior. Humans are very close to the relationship between soul and behavior to be part of a positive society.
Psychology has also been found to be very useful in the world of sports.
Sports psychology studies psychology in sports activities or in sports athletes. The development or achievement of sports, namely health or physical development will also have an impact on a person’s psychological condition.
It can also be found that psychological conditions also affect the process of achieving health or physical exercise.
These two things mutually influence the success of sports. To find out more clearly about sports psychology, here is an explanation.
What is sports psychology in general?
Psychology itself is a science that studies psychiatric or mental processes.
Sports psychology is the science of psychology that is applied in the field of sports, covering factors that directly affect athletes and factors outside the athlete that can affect the athlete’s appearance.
Experts distinguish exercise psychology from exercise psychology.
Weinberg and Gould have the view that sports psychology and exercise psychology are similar, because there are many similarities.
Weinberg and Gloud stated that the basic purpose of sports psychology and exercise psychology is to study how psychology can affect individual physical activity.
In addition, they also conveyed that sports psychology is aimed at athletes in order to achieve, to provide support for the elderly and disabled people to live healthier lives, as part of a therapy.
The difference between sports psychology and exercise psychology is still not clear, although they have different definitions, in practice they are almost similar.
Willis and Campbell found that sports psychology is related to psychophysiological responses in which somatic responses affect cognition, emotion, and performance.
Sports activities have an impact on emotions when carrying out activities.
Sports psychology is directed to provide support, enthusiasm, which is competitive in nature so that sports athletes can achieve certain achievements while competing.
Here are the views of several experts regarding what is sports psychology:
- Bucher: Sports psychology is a field of psychology that is applied in sports activities, namely in the form of skills, training and development.
- Williams and Straub: Sports psychology is the study of psychological factors that have an influence on sports.
- Weinberg and Gould: Sports psychology is a scientific field that studies individuals and their behavior in sports.
- Kontos and Feltz: Sports psychology is a scientific field that discusses the principles of psychology in sports settings.
What is sports psychology aspect ?
There are several aspects to sports psychology, including:
1. Aspects of the mind
These thoughts are meant to build up positive thoughts and are followed by positive actions and words.
Positive thoughts have an effect on increasing morale, confidence in competition, a more persistent desire to achieve victory, self-motivation, increasing cooperation with colleagues, strengthening mental status for whatever results will be obtained, mental toughness and other psychological skills.
This also applies to coaches, not just athletes. The coach must be able to understand the characteristics of each athlete, including their psychological and physical abilities.
The coach must not force his will which may not be in accordance with the characteristics of the athlete.
The trainer also needs to apply this positive thinking and positive action. As an example: the trainer must say positive words that are supportive, not angry, angry and impulsive.
2. Aspects of the body
Athletes need strong power or strength to be able to carry out their profession well and compete perfectly in a fit condition
Physiological factors in athletes are very important such as agility, strength, speed, and other motor skills.
Resilience and rigidity are very important. However, the psychological aspect of this athlete also affects the body physically.
Psychology relates to the readiness of athletes to train, exercise, compete, and strive for achievement. Psychological forces are the basis of physiological forces.
Excitement can be obtained from motivation. Motivation can be obtained from yourself as well as from others.
Motivation is used by someone to achieve the desired goals.
With a psychological approach, it is hoped that athletes will be able to have a strong motivation to compete optimally and win.
This enthusiasm and motivation also requires support from outside such as parents, colleagues and coaches.
4. Health aspects
Health is the most important thing related to the stamina and fitness of athletes when doing training and competing.
The definition of healthy is physically and mentally. Physical health in athletes plays a role in their strength and performance when competing, while mental health is related to the athlete’s mind whether there are disturbing factors that can affect the performance of the match.
Psychological health can be related to family, social, mindset and so on, while physical health can be supported by lifestyle, activity patterns, and so on.
5. Peace aspect
Sport is a means of education, recreation, achievement, without any negative elements that are detrimental.
Losing every game is a natural thing because matches in sports are held for the purpose of friendship and peace.
Defeat or victory is not a reason to suppress someone’s optimism.
what is sports psychology benefits for mental health?
Exercise psychology has many benefits, including mental health. Here are some of the benefits that can be found in sports psychology:
1. Control stress
Sports competitions often place stress or pressure on athletes.
Apart from their desire to win high, they do not want to disappoint the country and all its supporters thereby increasing stress.
Stress is characterized by an increase in pulse rate, breathing, and looks physically restless.
Stress in this athlete can interfere with his performance when competing later, so it takes psychology as a technique to reduce stress levels in athletes when competing.
2. Increase positive thoughts
An athlete must be optimistic before competing and always optimistic for the next match.
If the athlete is pessimistic from the start, it is certain that victory will never be achieved. Optimism means having a positive view of the possibility of a win so that he can put on a good match.
3. Set goals
Psychology helps athletes to find the purpose of the activities they do.
Goals which are the results to be achieved in a sports activity or competition.
For example, the goal is to get a medal or boast the name of a country in the international arena.
4. Be able to predict self-efficacy
Psychology helps athletes to better understand themselves from intelligence, abilities, limits, to support maximum exercise or sport and maximum goals.
5. Stronger mentality
Psychology also teaches and builds a stronger character.
The competition between athletes to be able to compete in the higher arena is quite tough not to mention if they get a defeat that makes those who support them disappointed.
The strength to bounce back from anything bad or unwanted is necessary.
Therefore, an athlete must be strong. Psychology teaches how to give a positive response to whatever happens and motivate yourself to rise stronger and stronger.
That is the information we can convey about what is sports psychology and its various benefits.
Ask a psychiatrist for help to get more out of exercise psychology. And consult him if you have some problems regarding its.