Health and information – As quoted from wikipedia.org disforia is a state of calm / anxiety or deep dissatisfaction. In a psychiatric context, dysphoria can be accompanied by depression, anxiety, or agitation.
Dysphoria can also refer to an uncomfortable situation in the body at this time, especially in the case of gender dysphoria.
The general reaction of dysphoria is emotional distress, in some cases even physical stress is seen. The state of mind opposite of dysphoria is known as euphoria.
What causes gender dysphoria?
Gender dysphoria is a real medical condition that is recognized by American Psychiatric Assocation, and in certain cases medical treatment is needed. However, gender dysphoria is not a mental illness.
Taken from News Medical, several studies indicate that this condition is not only caused by disharmony in the workings of the brain, but can be caused by biological causes associated with the development of gender identity before birth.
Gender dysphoria may be caused by a rare medical condition, such as congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH), and an intersex state (also known as hermaphroditism).
In CAH, female fetuses have adrenal glands which produce high levels of male sex hormones that make the vagina swell, so misunderstanding can be seen as a baby boy.
Intersex or hermaphroditism is a rare condition where babies are born with two genitals, vagina and penis. In this case, after banning the sex normalization procedure without the body’s consent by the United Nations, children will be allowed to grow up with two genitals until they are mature enough to choose one, and carry out surgery.
For this reason, more research is needed to determine the cause of gender dysphoria.
Signs and symptoms of gender dysphoria
Taken from the Psychiatric Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), for a person to be diagnosed with gender dysphoria, there must be a real difference between the gender he believes himself and the gender perceived by others, and must be sustained at least for as long as six months. In children, the desire to change gender must be real and visible, and expressed directly from the individual.
Real desires and beliefs referred to above are not only desires to get social and cultural benefits of different sexes, but come from within themselves on the basis of the belief that they should not be in a particular gender group, and show consistent attitudes and behaviors from opposite gender.
Gender dysphoria is applied in many ways, including a persistent desire to live and be treated as the gender he believes in, eliminate and / or change their sexual characteristics, or a strong belief that they have feelings, patterns of behavior, and general reactions from opposite genders from himself.
Some transgenders choose to undergo medical therapy (hormones or surgery) to make their physical appearance more consistent with their gender identity.
Many transgender people suffer from depression and experience alienation
Gender dysphoria causes clinical stress or depression in social, occupational, or other fields that can hamper the quality of life of the individual sufferer.
The impact of disturbances can be very broad, so that the mental life of the person is only focused on a certain number of activities that can reduce the pressure due to the gender stigma they face. Gender dysphoria sufferers are often preoccupied with appearance, especially in the early transition to living with their “new” gender. Relationships with parents may also be very disturbed. Many transgender people or people with gender dysphoria receive exile from family and friends.
Mismatch between sex and gender identity experienced by someone with gender dysphoria can cause prolonged stress, nervousness, and depression. Suicide attempts and substance and drug abuse are common in people with gender dysphoria and / or transgender.
Some adult men have a history of fetishism and other paraphilia. Associated personality disorders are more experienced by men with gender dysphoria than women.
For that let us respect each other if there are our friends who experience body dysphoria. And also to provide moral support to him so that he is more confident to face this world.